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1956 Hotpoint Refrigerator-Freezer Owners Manual


Published by Hotpoint in 1956-- The complete owners manual/use and care guide to all 1956 Hotpoint Refrigerator-Freezers.

Number of Pages: 68
File Size: 74mb
Download Fee: $9.99

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Please note that all publications presented here at Automatic Ephemera are on average between 35 and 85 years old. This information is presented as a educational/historical reference on vintage products of the past. Any trademarks or brand names appearing on this site are for nominative use to accurately describe the content contained in these publications. The associated trademarks are the sole property of their registered owners as there is no affiliation between Automatic Ephemera and these companies. No connection to or endorsement by the trademark owners is to be construed.


Review Selections & Checkout

Here are the 25 most recent documents added to the library...
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1965 Philco Automatic Washer Brochures
Here are some wonderful brochures for the entire 1965 line of Philco automatic washers. 1965 was the introduction of Philco's color-key push button controls. All models are "Blades-of-Water" action.

Models include: W-2F1, W-2F2, W-2F3, W-2F4 (Custom), W-2F6 (Imperial) and W-2F8 (Custom Imperial)
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Philco
1965 16 54mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 Philco Duomatic Brochure
Big beautifully illustrated brochure for the 1960 Philco Gas Duomatic Combination Washer/Dryer. Model CG-704.


Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1960 8 27mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1965 Philco Clothes Dryer Brochures
Here are some wonderful brochures for the entire 1965 line of Philco electric automatic clothes dryers. 1965 was the introduction of Philco's color-key push button controls.

Models include:
DE-6F8, DE-6F4, DE-6F3, DE-6F2,
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1965 10 36mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 General Electric Range Owners Manual
Here is the full owners manual to all 1960 General Electric freestanding ranges.

Models include:
J-408T, J-406T, J-404T, J-403T, J-402T, J-401T, J-400T, J-308T, J-304T, J-303T, J-302T, J-301T.

Full use and care instructions along with operation and cleaning.

Looking for the service manual to the 1960 GE Ranges, please see this book:
1960 GE Range Service Manual

Looking for parts for these ranges please see this book:
GE Range Parts and Accessories
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
General Electric
1960 36 16mb $9.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1966 Kenmore Washer Owners Manual
Full owner's manual and operating instructions to Kenmore washers 800, 70 and 600 series machines.

600dpi hi-res scan of manual.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Kenmore
1966 36 56mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 Kenmore Laundry Appliances Brochure
Here is an absolutely beautiful sales brochure showing the entire line of 1959 Sears Kenmore Automatic Washers, Dryers, Combination Washer-Dryers and Wringer Washers.

Scanned at 600dpi for a super high resolution scan of these wonderful brochures.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Kenmore
1959 27 109mb $9.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1958 Kenmore Laundry Appliances Brochure
Here is an wonderful and rare brochure showing the entire line of 1958Sears Kenmore Automatic Washers, Dryers, Combination Washer-Dryers, Wringer Washers and Kenmore Ironer.

Scanned at 600dpi for a super high resolution scan of this wonderful brochure.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Kenmore
1958 29 125mb $9.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download How to Get the Best Out of Your Top Loading Automatic
Here are two complete use and care posters packed with the following models of Hotpoint Filter-Flo automatic washers produced in the UK.

Models include: 96700, 96702, 15790 and 15792.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Hotpoint UK
1985 4 45mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1974 Siemens Washers - Dryers - Ironers Brochure
Here is an English language brochure from German made Siemens appliances highlighting all the features of their top loading automatic washers, combination washer-dryers, dryers and ironers.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Siemens
1974 16 57mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download UK Hotpoint Handbook Twin Tub
Here the complete use and care guide to Hotpoint Twin Tub Washers produced in the UK in the late 1970s.

This handbook covers Models:
14890, 14892, 14894, 14770, 14762, 14764, 1482, 1483 and 1464.
Twin Tub Washers
Published by:
Hotpoint UK
1979 20 7mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Classroom Textbook on Servicing Automatic Washers and Dryers and Combinations
Originally written in 1963 and updated in 1972 these were classroom textbooks for learning how to repair electrical appliances. A fascinating look at how appliance repair was taught and a great primer to learn how to repair vintage washers, dryers and combos. Underscores, notes and quiz answers were left in the document from the original student for extra information.

Scanned at 600dpi for extra crisp text and images.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
NRI
1972 68 114mb $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Classroom Textbook on Servicing Sewing Machines and Food Mixers and Vacuum Cleaners
Originally written in 1963 and updated in 1972 these were classroom textbooks for learning how to repair electrical appliances. A fascinating look at how appliance repair was taught and a great primer to learn how to repair vintage Sewing Machines, Food Mixers, Blenders and Vacuum Cleaners. Underscores, notes and quiz answers were left in the document from the original student for extra information.

Scanned at 600dpi for extra crisp text and images.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
NRI
1972 68 100mb $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Classroom Textbook on Appliance Testing-Small Appliances and Irons
Originally written in 1963 and updated in 1972 these were classroom textbooks for learning how to repair electrical appliances. A fascinating look at how appliance repair was taught and a great primer to learn how to use appliance repair tools and testing equipment, repairing small appliances and lamps and fixtures and irons. Underscores, notes and quiz answers were left in the document from the original student for extra information.

Scanned at 600dpi for extra crisp text and images.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
NRI
1972 68 113mb $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1947-1960 Frigidaire Dryer Parts Catalog
Here is the complete parts catalog to all 1947 Thru 1960 Models of Frigidaire Dryers.

Models include:
TJ-60, TJ-60E, TJ-61, T0-60, T0-61, TR-60, TR-61, TR-60-2, TR-61-2, DV-35, DV-45, DV-65, DV-66, DS-56, DD-56, DI-56, DI-2-56, DS-57, DD-57, DI-57, DI-1-57, DD-58, DDP-58, DI-58, DCI-58, DCI-1-58, DD-59, DCD-59, DI-59, DCI-59, DS-60, DD-60, DCD-60, DI-60, DCI-60

Having the manufacturers part number for the part you need is essential for doing internet/eBay searches to locate these rare, no longer available parts. In many circumstances they can be found once you know the part number. This guide is essential for anyone who has a vintage Frigidaire dryer.
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1960 86 37mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1967 Hotpoint Electric Ranges Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to all 1967 Hotpoint Ranges.

Sections include:
Introduction, Cleaning Operation, Special Components and Construction, Operation, Servicing, Service Diagnosis, Schematics and Wiring Diagrams, New Features.

Models include:
RS731, RS758, RB745, RB778, RB790, RB515, RB525, RB535, RB536, RB545, RB566, RB635, RB646, RB670, RB690, RC525, RC535, RC545, RC546, RCS49, RC635, RC646, RC669, RC690, RW65-G and RW85-G.
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Hotpoint
1967 38 25mb $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 Hotpoint Refrigerator Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to all 1959 Hotpoint Refrigerator/Freezers.

Sections include:
Use and Care of your Refrigerator, Specifications, Servicing, Electrical Testing, Unit Operation, Controls and Wiring Diagrams.

Models include:
9EA8, 9EB8, 9EB11, 9EB12, 9EG11, 9EN12, 9ET12, 9EY12.
Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
Hotpoint
1959 52 36mb $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Who Else But RCA Whirlpool
Here is the official Whirlpool feature training book highlighting the 1966 Whirlpool washer, dryer and wringer washer lines. Whirlpool fans this beautiful book is definitely for you. This training series was similar to Frigidaire's VIP series which was given to appliance dealers to educate them of all the wonderful new features on Whirlpool appliances. Book contains beautiful images, cycle charts, graphics and comparisons for all aspects of the belt-drive washer and matching dryers and wringer washers.

The book sections take each Whirlpool feature and compare them to Maytag, General Electric, Frigidaire, Hotpoint Norge and Westinghouse machines!

This item is scanned at 600dpi for super crisp clear text and images.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1966 40 120mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Star Spangled Benefits from Whirlpool Dishwashers
Here is the official Whirlpool feature training book highlighting the 1970 line of Whirlpool built-in and portable dishwashers. Whirlpool fans this beautiful book is definitely for you. This training series was similar to Frigidaire's VIP series which was given to appliance dealers to educate them of all the wonderful new features on Whirlpool appliances. Book contains beautiful images, specifications, benefits and cycle explanations.

This item is scanned at 600dpi for super crisp clear text and images.
Dishwashers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1970 34 82mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1968 Whirlpool Home Appliances Builder Catalog
Here is a complete builders catalog highlighting the 1968 line of Whirlpool appliances.

Products include: Gas and Electric ranges, refrigerators, commercial and domestic washers and dryers, dishwashers, disposers, air conditioners, ice makers and central vacuum cleaners.
Full Catalog
Published by:
Whirlpool
1968 16 18mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 General Electric Wall Refrigerator Owners Manual
Here is the complete owners manual and use/care guide to General Electric wall mount refrigerator model LW-11N.


Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
General Electric
1956 16 $14.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1955 Westinghouse Combination Washer-Dryer Owners Manual
Here is the owners manual to the very first Westinghouse Combination Washer/Dryer. Model WD-1.


Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Westinghouse
1955 48 12mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1965 Frigidaire Electric Dryer Tech-Talk Service Manual
Complete comprehensive service manual to all 1965 Frigidaire electric clothes dryers.

Sections include: Specifications, Features, Operation and Testing, Servicing and Wiring Schematics.

Models include:
DDA-65, DD-65, DCD-65, Dl-65, DCI-65, DDF-65, DCIF-65
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1965 100 58mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1948 General Electric Automatic Washer Brochures
Here are some beautiful brochures for the 1948 line of General Electric automatic washers. The is the 2nd line models of automatic washers produced. The AW6 from 1947-1950 line featured an 1140rpm spin!

These rare brochures have been saved at 600dpi for extra crispness.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
General Electric
1948 4 27mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download KitchenAid 18 Series Portable Dishwashers Brochure
Here is a brochure that I haven't seen before, it's specifically for the portable models of KitchenAid 18 series dishwashers. Images and full specifications included.

Models include: KDS-58, KDI-58, KDC-58, KDR-67B, KDD-67B.
Dishwashers
Published by:
KitchenAid
1978 0 4mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1984 General Electric Dishwashers Brochure
Here is a brochure highlighting the 1984 GE line of undercounter dishwashers.

Models include: GSD2800D, GSD1200T, GSD900D, GDS600D and GSD500D.

Full images and specifications included.
Dishwashers
Published by:
General Electric
1984 8 5mb $5.99

25 Random Items from the Library
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Thumbnail Image of Download How to use and care for your Youngstown Kitchens Automatic Dishwasher
"Completely Modernizes Dishwashing". Full owners manual and use/care guide packed with every Youngstown top-loading, Jet-Tower dishwasher in the late 40's and early 50's.


Dishwashers
Published by:
Youngstown Kitchens
1950 12 8mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Owners Manual For Your New Automatic Washer
User's guide for '67 Kenmore automatic washers Series 400, 500, 600, 70.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Kenmore
1967 36 23mb $7.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Westinghouse Dryer Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to all 1957 Westinghouse Dryers. Models include D-110, D-112 and D-114.


Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Westinghouse
1957 35 $5.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download 1964 Kenmore Dryer 700 Series Operating Instructions
Here are the operating instructions packed with every 700 Series Kenmore Dryer in 1964.


Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Kenmore
1964 4 5mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Bison Instructions and Warranty
Complete owners manual and operating instructions for the Bison Vacuum Cleaner.

As the owner of a new Bison Home Maintenance System you can be proud and pleased to know that you have the very finest equipment of its kind in the world. Here at The Bison Company we have spared no effort or expense to incorporate into this equipment the best in design, materials, and workmanship. Your Bison will give you a lifetime of faithful service.

The booklet you are now reading has been designed to help you know your Bison thoroughly, so you can enjoy the utmost value from your purchase. You may want to keep this booklet in your Accessories Box where it will be handy when you want to refer to it.

We know you will enjoy your Bison ... and we welcome you to the big family of happy Bison owners.

Vacuum Cleaners
Published by:
Bison
1968 32 21mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Plan a Carefree Kitchen with THERMADOR - 1957
Here is a whimsical brochure showing off Thermador cooking appliances of the mid 1950's. L-shape, U-shape, or straight-line ... these separate cooking units, originated by Thermador, save steps, eliminate waste motion, add beauty and pleasure to kitchens. They're a favorite of architects because they make it possible to plan every detail to suit just you. oven and high speed electric units give you the fastest, most convenient cooking of ail ... the advantages of electricity help keep your kitchen safe, clean and cool the year 'round. The lifetime stainless steel surfaces blend with any decorative scheme or building material ... make cleaning easy ... stay spotless with minimum attention. Fully automatic thermostatic All the units fit standard cabinets ... require no vents or flues so installation is easy. They cost no more than a conventional range of comparable size and they can be financed as part of the home or remodeling loan so they're easy on the budget.


Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Thermador
1957 8 9mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Hotpoint Automatic Washer Operating Instructions
Operating instruction card for washer model LW245


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Hotpoint
1962 6 3mb $7.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Laundry Center Tech-Talk Service Manual
Comprehensive service manual for Frigidaire's Skinny-Mini stacked Laundry Center. Complete descriptions of the "Agi-tub" washer and dryer, specificaions, how the machine operates and how to service all components in both the washer and the dryer sections.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1977 72 42mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1988 Whirlpool Automatic Washer Use and Care Guide
Full owner's manual to Whirlpool automatic washer model LA8800XT.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1988 16 5mb $7.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Instructions For Changing a Whirlpool Convertible Dishwasher into a Built-In Model
Instructions to change a portable Whirlpool dishwasher into an undercounter dishwasher.


Dishwashers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1965 2 1mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1975 Maytag Dishwasher Service and Parts Manual
Here is the service manual to Maytag's very first built-in and front loading portable dishwashers. These were the belt-drive pump models.

Models include WU601, WU401, WU201, WC401, WC201.

Sections include:
Loading and Operating Instructions,
How it Works,
Cycle Sequence Charts,
Wiring Diagrams and Circuits,
Complete troubleshooting and servicing procedures,
Parts listing section.

Parts section shows all parts and part numbers. Having the manufacturers part number for the part you need is essential for doing internet/eBay searches to locate these rare, no longer available parts. In many circumstances they can be found once you know the part number.



Dishwashers
Published by:
Maytag
1970 109 95mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Westinghouse F-12 Upright Vacuum Cleaner Service Manual
Comprehensive service manual for vacuum cleaner model F-12.

Sections Include:
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION
SPECIFICATIONS
REPLACING PARTS
Replacing Handle Grip or Switch
Replacing Bumper, Hood, Bezel, Lens, Headlight Socket or Dust Guide
Replacing Switch Housing Details (Except Switch)
Replacing Latch Handle Spring or Latch Wire
Replacing Handle Latch Assembly (Lower) with Bumper or Hood Removed from Cleaner
Replacing Axle Bracket and Trigger Assembly
Replacing Handle Spring (Leaf Type)
Replacing Handle Tubes
Replacing Belt
Replacing Pulley
Replacing Motor Brushes
Replacing Rotary Brush Parts
Replacing Brush Holder
Replacing Suction Fan
Replacing Armature and Field
TROUBLE DIAGNOSIS
Trouble Chart
Checking Motor Which Fails to Start
Checking Radio Interference Capacitor
Continuity Check
Wiring Diagram
Vacuum Cleaners
Published by:
Westinghouse
1954 16 10mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1973 Smith-Corona Typewriter Brochures
Here are some wonderful sales literature brochures from Smith-Corona highlighting their line of portable typewriters.

Models include: Coronet Super 12, Coronet Super 10, Electra 120, Electric 12, Electric 10, Corsair Deluxe and the Super G.
Home Products
Published by:
Smith-Corona
1973 10 16mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Philco Service Automagic Electric Dryer Service Procedures and Parts Data
Comprehensive parts and service manual for all 1962 Philco Automagic Clothes Dryers. Models include DE626, DE624, 623 and DE625. Sections include Primary Service Data and Washer Specifications, Wiring Diagrams, Service Procedures, Parts List and Detailed Service Illustrations.


Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1962 40 19mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Kitchen Aid Mixer K-45 - K5A and 4-C Owners Manual
Here is the complete use and care guide to all KitchenAid mixers from the late 1970's.

Models: K-45, K5A and 4-C.


Sections include:

Important Safeguards,
Understanding Your Food Preparer,
Speed Control Guide,
Adjustments,
General Instructions-Kneading Bread Dough,
Bread Making Tips,
Kitchen Aid Attachments,
Recipes,
Should You Ever Need Service.
Small Appliances
Published by:
KitchenAid
1978 52 41mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Beautiful 1957 General Electric 40 Inch Electric Range Brochures
Here are some wonderful brochures highlighting the 1957 line of General Electric 40" Electric Ranges. Models include the Liberator J-408, the Stratoliner J-402, the Mainliner J-406, the Speedster J-405 and the Stewardess J-403.


Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
General Electric
1957 20 30mb $9.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 Kenmore Canister Vacuum Cleaner Owners Manual
Here is the complete owners manual to all 1960 Kenmore canister vacuum cleaners and Power Mate power nozzle. Models include: Lady Kenmore, Horizon, Saturn, Aurora and Vanguard. Also included is the complete parts list for model 116.0672 (the Horizon).


Vacuum Cleaners
Published by:
Kenmore
1960 19 14mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Beautiful 1958 GE Wall Mounted Refrigerator-Freezer Brochure
Here is a great brochure with beautiful illustrations and full specifications for GE's very popular wall mounted refrigerator-freezer.

Eye-Level Accessibility. Just reach in a pick out the foods you want. Fresh and frozen foods are easy to see...easy to reach without stooping or bending!
Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
General Electric
1958 2 3mb $7.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Use and Care of your new Wizard Automatic Washer
The Wizard brand was Western-Auto's brand of major appliances. This manual was a very rare find we are thrilled to get it into the Ephemera Library.

Here is the complete owners manual and operating instructions for 1955-1956 Wizard Automatic Washers. Models include both their Deluxe and Standard machines, as well as their semi-automatic model. The machines were built with mostly Beam components.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Wizard
1955 28 15mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1961 to 1963 Philco Duomatic Combination Washer-Dryer Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to all Duomatic washer-dryers made between 1961 and 1963. Full specifications and control panel views featured for each machine, along with complete servicing and troubleshooting details.

Models include:
CE716 1961 Top of the line top/rear control panel model.
CE714 1961 Middle of the line top/rear control panel model.
CE712 1961 Bottom of the line top/rear control panel model.
CE710 1961 Front mounted control panel/free-standing model.
CE710U 1961 Front mounted control panel/under-counter model.
CE736 1963 Top of the line top/rear control panel model.
CE734 1963 Bottom of the line top/rear control panel model.
CE730 1963 Front mounted control panel/free-standing model.
CE730U 1963 Front mounted control panel/under-counter model.
Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1961 111 69mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 General Electric Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all 1960 GE Washers. These are the last year of the solid-basket machines and the first year that GE introduced a spin-brake to stop the tub from coasting at the end of the spin cycle.

Models include: WA-1055 WA-1050 WA-953 WA-855 WA-850 WA-755 WA-750 WA-635 WA-630 and WA-450.

Sections include:
Models - Features Chart
Description
General Description And Operation
Full Specifications
Installation Instructions
Disassembly
Transmission Service
Timer/Control Service
Electrical Components
Electrical Circuits
Wiring Diagrams And Schematics
Catalog Information
Automatic Washers
Published by:
General Electric
1960 122 61mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download The GE Review
The GE Review was an engineering magazine created to report on the advances of technology of the time, including advances in Home Appliances.

Articles in July 1952 issue...


Editorial: The Fourth of July

New Switchgear Laboratory Goes into Operation
Late last month on the flatlands of southwest Philadelphia, GE’s new high-capacity switchgear development laboratory was officially dedicated. With Company spokesmen looking ahead to an annual U.S. power consumption of possibly a trillion kw-hrs by 1965—more than triple the amount now being used—the new laboratory will aid in the development of switch- gear of higher ratings to keep pace with this phenomenal growth. continued…

Engineering the Automatic Washer
The automatic clothes washer is a simple device—to the housewife. She throws in the laundry, sets a control dial, and goes about her telephoning. A short time later she removes the laundry—washed and damp-dried.

Simply stated, the function of a domestic washing machine is to get the laundry clean, rinse out the detergent, and extract most of the water. For a third of the century these operations were performed with a machine in which the laundry was manually lifted from the tub and fed through a water- extraction device. Most of these devices were wringers, powered by the washing- machine motor. A limited number were the centrifugal-extraction type using the same or a separate tub. continued…

Stopping Ships
Even with modern navigating and communication aids there are times when things get out of hand and a collision ol ships appears imminent. The need for meeting this situation—rare though it may he—has an influence on the design of ships’ power plants.

Most large and fast ships are powered bv a steam turbine that drives the propeller through suitable gearing and shafting. The astern power that is used for stopping a ship is provided by a comparatively small separate section of the main turbine. The question immediately arises as to why the astern element can’t be given the same power as the ahead element. Well, it can. The simplest arrangement would he another turbine of the same size geared to drive the propeller backwards. continued…

Ferromagnetography
Contrary to general belief printing did not originate with Gutenberg; to the ancient Chinese belongs the credit. They made engravings—used mainly for printing on silk cloth—by carving figures out of wooden blocks. Later, around 1120 BC. they introduced wooden blocks of movable type.

Modern printing, on the other hand, began in the middle ages—about the year 1423. It was during this period that Johann Gutenberg, a German stonemason, had the idea of printing with movable type. So he set about his skill, cutting alphabets out of small wooden blocks to be used for typesetting. A friend advised him to use metal instead of wood, since it wouldn’t wear out so easily. This he did. As you can imagine, this task required many years and a large expenditure of money. He financed his operations by borrowing money on the type he’d already completed. Then, to prove to his creditors and the many cynics the worth of his efforts, he completely reproduced the Bible in print. continued…

Cool Breezes — Story of the Electric Fan
Fans preceded written history by many centuries. Some of the most ancient known fans were those of the Chinese dating back to 3000 BC. And ceremonial fans were used in 1700 BC by the reigning monarchs of Egypt and Assyria. Some thousand years later the "punkah" —a hand-swung lightweight ceiling-suspended fan—was introduced in India, and even today is still in use there.

From exquisitely made folding tans of the Japanese, followed by 17th century Paris creations of surpassing beauty, we come to the practical palm-leaf type and simpler folding fans of grandmother’s day.

It’s not possible to give the exact age of the electric fan—the youngest member of the ancient family of fans. But the earliest record of a U.S. patent awarded for an electric fan was in 1854. This was a ceiling-suspended assembly of several large fan blades, each hinged along one edge to a horizontal rotating arm driven by a battery-operated motor. Arms on the blades struck projections causing the blades to vibrate and thus agitate the air. continued…

Longer Life for Dry-type Transformers
Improvements in dry-type power transformers and their insulations is a good example of how electrical engineers are continually making progress in lengthening the life span of electric equipment and increasing its endurance to higher temperatures.

For many years insulations known as Class A were about the only ones available to the transformer designer. These insulations consisted of materials such as cotton, silk, or paper—impregnated with organic varnishes to give them additional mechanical and electrical strength. They were used in a medium of mineral oil or air. Such insulations were relatively inexpensive but a maximum allowable temperature limit of 105 C was necessary for reasonable life. continued…

The G10 Germanium Rectifier
In 1886 a German chemist by the name of Alexander Winkler found an unknown metal sulfide and isolated the element which he called germanium. It has a shiny metallic appearance, is extremely hard and brittle, and is recovered as a by-product in the smelting and refining of zinc ores.

Because germanium falls into group four of the periodic table, it has some of the chemical characteristics of the elements on either side of it. Germanium is both an electrical conductor and an electrical insulator, depending on its temperature, and is classed as a semiconductor. continued…

Nylon for Bearings and Gears
Although nylon is generally associated with such decorative items as stockings and sweaters, we have found that its versatility extends well into the fields of bearings, gears, and other workaday applications.
Nylon is tough at low7 temperatures, is resistant to abrasion, has strength in thin sections, is light in weight, has certain self-lubricating qualities, and is resistant to many chemicals. Properties are given in the table on the opposite page. Exact characteristics and specifications can be found in the literature put out by the manufacturers of nylon molding powders.

Bearing Tests - Of interest to design engineers is published data that shows the effect of wear on nylon when used as a bearing material. Results of tests using nylon against nylon, steel, and brass under various loads and speeds, and with various lubricants, are given on page 35. As you may suspect, the lowest rates of wear are found when nylon is run against nylon in a dry condition, as well as when nylon is run against steel lubricated with SAE 10 oil. When nylon is rubbed against brass, the metal flakes off and contaminates the hearing surface. continued…

The Unit Cost of Light
There’s more to figuring the cost of a lighting system than adding up the prices of fixtures, installation, and electricity. A tabulation of over-all annual costs that the customer may expect to pay appeals to the businessman, because it is expressed in his own language. Rut further analytical cost studies of operating and maintenance methods and lamp efficiencies may show you the way to worth-while savings or better lighting for the same expenditure.

To help you along this economic pathway a relatively simple formula has been devised. It is referred to as the "unit cost of light” method. In its most flexible form it deals with the raw light as generated by the lamps in just one fixture. Then, once the unit cost of light in dollars per million lumen hours is known, you can easily apply it to a specific installation if over-all costs are also desired. continued…

Added Kick for Turbojet Engines
Getting an 80-ton airplane into the air in a matter of seconds is no easy job. The problem is one of providing more than normal maximum thrust or "kick” at take-off. In the case of B-45 and B-47 jet bombers, their power plants (J-47 turbojet engines—one is shown on the adjacent page) were equipped with combustion-chamber water-alcohol injection systems for augmenting thrust.

Variations of these systems boost the take-off thrust from 15 to 25 percent or higher. As a result, heavy jet-powered aircraft can take off from minimum- length runways with maximum safety. continued…

Are We Ready for Railroad Electrification in the U. S.? .
Admittedly, widespread electrification in I lie United States is not just around the corner. Rut there is an element in the cost of railroad electrification and in the success of operation through the ensuing years that can not be settled too soon. This all-important factor is standardization. And standardization is so important primarily because it permits repetitive manufacture. Standardization, of course, offers other advantages that may be more familiar, but every day brings new evidence that a custom-designed article built in a job shop cannot compete with a highly engineered item produced under conditions of repetitive manufacture.

It is time for all who may have a hand in railroad electrification in the United States to start sifting out the alternatives and to find agreement on what may be the standard system of electrification in this country. Let us speak briefly about the prospects of electrification and [hen expand the theme of standardization. continued…

A Brightening Outlook - When will we see railroad electrification resumed in the United States? The answer depends largely on costs, with the cost of fuel or energy being a big part of the expense of locomotive operation.

When we compare the cost of diesel fuel with the cost of purchased electric power at the figures current today, we find them roughly equivalent. We are speaking, of course, of gallons of fuel oil or kilowatt-hours of electricity at the locomotive. As long as power costs in these two forms are even approximately equal, it is obvious that the diesel- electric locomotive with its lower investment is the correct answer for new installations. At the same time this approximate equality tells us that extensive electrified systems already installed should continue to be operated. continued…

New Safeguard for Protective Coatings
You can best define a plastics material as a synthetic organic substance. At some stage of production it’s plastic— capable of being shaped; or liquid— capable of being cast. Furthermore, it’s either thermoplastic or thermosetting. If thermoplastic, it softens under heat and can he remolded. If thermosetting, it sets under heat and can’t be remolded.

Phenolic materials are thermosetting plastics. And from practically the outset of the industry they’ve enjoyed an ever- expanding market. They take many and various forms. Probably the most familiar to you are radio cabinets, telephone handsets, buttons, tube bases, mechanical parts, and so on. continued…

Dollar-sign Engineering
The photo sequence beginning on the next page will show you how a value analyst operates—step by step—on a typical project. Here, it’s the timer for the automatic clothes washer. Because space doesn't permit us to show the results of the analysis on every part of the timer, we have selected one part as being typical. (In the actual project more than 30 individual parts of the timer were analyzed for value.)

It should be emphasized that nothing was wrong with the timer when we approached the Value Analysis Unit and requested a survey. The timer operated satisfactorily and costs were in line with similar products. But. as is the case with far-sighted management, they wanted to see if it wasn’t possible to further eliminate any unnecessary costs. continued…

Moisture vs Rubber Insulation
Although rubber compounds are used to waterproof such everyday items as overshoes, raincoats, and garden hoses, rubber compounds in general can’t be considered waterproof when used as an insulation for wire and cable.

What works on raincoats may not work on cables—the basic differences are: length of exposure; effect of moisture on the electrical properties. Cables insulated with rubber compounds must withstand years of continual exposure with a consequent absorption of moisture. And moisture absorption has proved to be a contributing factor in cable failures. continued…
Trade Publications
Published by:
The Review
1952 58 61mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Whirlpool Combination Washer-Dryer Parts List
Full parts breakdown including part numbers and wiring diagram to combination washer-dryer model W6009500.


Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1960 12 6mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1941 Bendix Automatic Washer Owners Manual
Here is the owners manual to Bendix's 2nd generation automatic washer. In 1941 they introduced a redesign of their original automatic washer.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Bendix
1941 40 43mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1973 General Electric Dishwasher Use and Care Guide
Complete owners manual from approximately 1973 to GE Dishwasher model SD300-SD370 and portable dishwasher model SC670.


Dishwashers
Published by:
General Electric
1973 16 12mb $7.99

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