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1918 Westinghouse Range Owners Manual


Published by Westinghouse in 1918-- This is the oldest owners manual for any major appliance we have found up to this point. Westinghouse very first range was in 1914, so this is very early in the line. I can only imagine what housewives had to cook on before this range. This is a fascinating look at early range history. Even the writing style is completely different than what you'd see today by far!

Most women would like to cook if it did not require standing
over a hot stove. Planning a meal is not hard and mixing
various ingredients into the promise of delicious dainties or
preparing a roast for the oven is rather fun . But to be held
in the kitchen or even in the house during the long hours of
watchfulness is a different matter. And it is right here that
the Westinghouse electric range steps in and lifts the burden.

When the food has been prepared it may be trusted to
this silent servant with perfect confidence. There is no possibility
of instructions being forgotten or misunderstood . At
a given time, (the time decided upon,) the clock will turn on
the current and the meal will begin to cook. Again when just
the correct temperature has been reached in the oven, the thermostat
will turn the current off again and when madam enters
the kitchen after an afternoon of leisure or pleasure the meal
is ready to serve.

She herself is prepared to enjoy the meal equally as well
as any member of the family , because she has not had to think
about it since early morning.

Because the Westinghouse range reduces the labors of cooking
to the minimum, requiring no watching nor constant regulation
of heat, because it produces better food , and because
it is more economical, it will be in the kitchen of every modern .
progressive woman who is anxious to keep her family happy
and in good health. and yet does not wish to become a fixture
in the kitchen with its consequent limitations.


Number of Pages: 38
File Size: 10mb
Download Fee: $7.99

  Add 1918 Westinghouse Range Owners Manual to cart
Please note that all publications presented here at Automatic Ephemera are on average between 35 and 85 years old. This information is presented as a educational/historical reference on vintage products of the past. Any trademarks or brand names appearing on this site are for nominative use to accurately describe the content contained in these publications. The associated trademarks are the sole property of their registered owners as there is no affiliation between Automatic Ephemera and these companies. No connection to or endorsement by the trademark owners is to be construed.


Review Selections & Checkout

Here are the 25 most recent documents added to the library...
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1957 Speed Queen Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual for all home models of Speed Queen's automatic washers. Models included: A18, A19, A20 and A20F.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Speed Queen
1957 34 16mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 Frigidaire Tech-Tips Bulletins
Here is the completed collection of all 1959 Frigidaire Tech-Tips bulletins alerting of product, parts and service changes mid-model year. Also included is one 1957 and one 1958 year bulletin.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1959 88 57mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1967 Kenmore Laundry and Dishwasher Products
Here is a wonderful brochure highlighing the 1967 Line of Sears Kenmore automatic washers, dryers, wringer washers, dishwashers and disposers. Also includes some standard repair parts and utility sinks.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Kenmore
1967 13 10mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1988 Whirlpool Automatic Washer Use and Care Guide
Full owner's manual to Whirlpool automatic washer model LA8800XT.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Whirlpool
1988 16 5mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1968 Montgomery Wards Washers Dryers and Dishwashers
Here is the 1968 line of Montgomery Wards Washers, Dryers and Dishwashers.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Montgomery Wards
1968 6 17mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1985 Maytag Stacked Washer and Dryer Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to the Maytag Stacked Washer/Dryer, Model SE1000 and SG1000.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Maytag
1985 116 42mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Maytag AMP Washer Brochures
Here are some beautiful brochures of early Maytag Automatic Washers. Models include: AMP, A3MP, A4MP, 121P.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Maytag
1954 8 5mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1951 Apex Major Appliances Catalog
Here is a full catalog of all Apex Major Appliances. Dishwashers, Sink-Dishwasher combinations, Apex Wash-a-Matic, Apex Gas and Electric Dryers, Apex Fold-a-Matic Ironer.


Full Catalog
Published by:
Apex
1951 8 8mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 General Electric Refrigerator-Freezer Owners Manual
Complete Use and Care guide to 1959 GE Refrigerators.

Models include: BH-15P, BH-13P, BH-12P.
Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
General Electric
1959 16 7mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1970 Blackstone Automatic Washer Service Manual
Complete service manual to the 1970 line of Blackstone washers.

Models include: BA-502, BA-702, BA-902.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Blackstone
1970 37 18mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Frigidaire Imperial and Deluxe Automatic Washer Brochures
Here are beautiful brochures from 1956 for Frigidaire's Imperial Unimatic and Deluxe Pulsamatic automatic washers. Full images and specifications are included.

Unimatic Imperial Model WI-56
Pulsamatic Deluxe Model WD-56
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1956 4 4mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1955 General Electric Laundry Brochures
1955 was a big year for General Electric laundry appliances. Both the Filter-Flo system was introduced on their top-loading automatic washers as well as their first washer/dryer combo was introduced. These are beautifully illustrated brochures with full specifications included.

Models: Washer: WA-750M, Dryer: DA-623M and Washer/Dryer Combo: WD-660M.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
General Electric
1955 12 11mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Electrical Merchandising Magazine - June 1953
Electrical Merchandising is a fun magazine to read for any collector or enthusiast of vintage appliances, electronics and other vintage home products. This highly entertaining magazine covered the retail sales and merchandising areas of Major Appliances, Small Appliances, Small Electrics, Radios, Televisions and other electric home products from the mid-20th century. This was the Life and Look Magazine of the appliance world, in the same large size 10x13 format.


Trade Publications
Published by:
Electrical Merchandising
1953 210 105mb $12.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 General Electric Automatic Washer Brochure
Here is the complete brochure showing off the top of the line 1959 models of the GE automatic washer.

Models: WA-9505 and WA-9505S (suds-saver model)
Automatic Washers
Published by:
General Electric
1959 4 9mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1965 General Electric Washer and Dryer Brochures
Here are beautiful brochures highlighting the 1965 line of GE Washers and Dryers. Images and full specifications for each model included.

Models include: WA-1250A, DA-1220A, WA-750A, DA-820A, WA-650A, DA-620A, and the Hi-Speed Gas Dryer: DG-4920A
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
General Electric
1965 14 29mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 General Electric Home Laundry Product Man
1960 General Electric Home Laundry Service Manual covering Automatic Washers, Dryers and Combination Washer/Dryers.

GE's Product Man Service Manuals were produced monthly to keep service personnel up to date with new products, appliance specifications, appliance service instructions, troubleshooting procedures, older product repair and parts changes, installation instructions, customer complaints and recommendations, testing procedures, tools for repairs, wiring diagrams, timer charts, appliance history and evolution and other important information regarding their appliances.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
General Electric
1960 48 27mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Washer Service Instruction Film Narrative and Service Manual
Here are two complete Kelvinator automatic washer manuals into one .pdf file. The first is the narrative to the "Service Instruction Film-Strip" on Installation and Disassembly. The second part is the complete Service Manual and Parts Guide to all 1956 Kelvinator automatic washers.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Kelvinator
1956 91 68mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1976 Frigidaire Dishwasher Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all 1976 Frigidaire automatic dishwashers, both built-in and portable models.

Models include: DWU-2, DWU-3, DWU-4, DWU-5
DWM-2, DWM-3, DWM-4, DWM-5.
Dishwashers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1976 68 40mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1974 Frigidaire Touch-and-Cook Electric Range Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to Frigidaire's first digital touch-pad electric Range!

Full specifications, service and troubleshooting sections included.

Models include: RCIE3-39CDW and RCIE-39CDW.
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Frigidaire
1974 42 32mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1965 Philco Duomatic Washer-Dryer Brochures
Here are brochures for the entire 1965 line of Philco Duomatic Combination Washer-Dryers. Full images and specifications and machine price-list included. Special bonus, 1965 Philco gas dryers brochures are also included at the end of the document.

Duomatic Combo Models include: CE-7F8, CG-7F8, CE-7F6, CG-730, CE-730.

Dryers: DG-6F8, DG-6F4, DG-6F3, DG-6F2.
Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1965 19 37mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1966 Philco Duomatic Washer-Dryer Brochures
Here are brochures for the entire 1966 line of Philco Duomatic Combination Washer-Dryers. Full images and specifications and machine price list included.

Models include: CE-7G8, CG-7G8, CE-7G6.
Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1966 12 17mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1957 Philco-Bendix Duomatic Washer-Dryer Owners Manuals
Here is the complete owner's manual and operating/use and care guide to all top-of-the-line 1957 Philco-Bendix combination washer-dryers. Model: CGR-C.


Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Bendix
1957 40 45mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Easy Holiday Automatic Washer Model AEG Service Manual
This is the service manual supplement created specifically for the bottom of the line washer model AEG.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Easy
1961 26 18mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Easy Velva-Power Automatic Washer Model Transmission Service Manual
This is the comprehensive service manual created specifically for servicing Easy's new Velva-Power transmission when it first introduced. The Velva-Power transmission was Easy's own design when they moved away from using a Beam style tranmission that was so common in Speed Queen and other brands of solid-tub automatic washers.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Easy
1961 20 13mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1966 Maytag Lets Talk Service
Here every Maytag service bulletin from 1966. These fact-packed bulletins are showing off the new line of Maytag automatic washers produced starting in 1966.

These fact-packed bulletins report model changes, wash and dry cycle changes, service tips, new products being introduced, new parts, reports from the field, etc. Washers and dryers are both covered.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Maytag
1966 63 44mb $7.99

25 Random Items from the Library
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 General Electric Home Laundry Product Man
1959 General Electric Home Laundry Service Manual covering Automatic Washers, Dryers and Combination Washer/Dryers.

This particular issue has a unique section reproducing the operating instruction manual for all 1960 Model General Electric Automatic Washers as a preview to the upcoming new models!!

GE's Product Man Service Manuals were produced monthly to keep service personnel up to date with new products, appliance specifications, appliance service instructions, troubleshooting procedures, older product repair and parts changes, installation instructions, customer complaints and recommendations, testing procedures, tools for repairs, wiring diagrams, timer charts, appliance history and evolution and other important information regarding their appliances.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
General Electric
1959 92 58mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Disposes Food Waste in a Twinkle of an Eye
You'll Never See or Touch Garbage

Here is a wonderful brochure for GE's Food Waste Disposer known as the Disposall. Full brochure highlighting features and specifications.
Food Waste Disposers
Published by:
General Electric
1957 6 8mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1973 Allied National Vacuum Cleaner Parts and Accessories Catalog
Here is a great reference guide for any vintage vacuum cleaner collector. It is the complete Allied National Vacuum Cleaner Parts Catalog.

Sections include:
Super Sweep Commercial Upright Vacuum,
Rebuilt Kirby Vacuums,
Rebuilt Electrolux Vacuums,
Rebuilt Compact Vacuums,
Disposalbe Paper Bags - All leading brands,
Special Cases of Hoover Throw away bags,
Complete Cloth Bags for tank and canister,
Upright Cleaner Deluxe Dust Bags,
Deluxe Zipper Bag Conversion Units,
Original Cloth and Vinyl Bags,
Hoover Deluxe Outer Bags,
Rug Tool Brush Inserts,
Hoover Agitator Brush Inserts,
Floor Brush Bristle Inserts,
Motor Driven Floor Brushes,
Fit All Attachment Tools,
Rug Tools,
Rug and Floor Brush Combinations,
Shop Type Attachment Parts,
Wands,
Filter Queen Parts,
Front Hose Ends and Machine Ends,
Vacuum Cleaner Hose,
Belden Replacement Cord Sets,
Popular Electrolux Parts,
Miscelleanous Compact Parts,
Eureka Parts,
General Electric Vacuum Cleaner Parts and Attachments,
Hoover Parts,
Hoover Armatures and Fields,
Kirby Replacement Parts,
Rexair A, B, C and Rainbow D Parts,
Kingston Parts,
Regina Parts,
Royal Parts,
Lamb Motors,
Switches,
Bearing Plates,
Polisher Accessories,
Vacuum Cleaner Ball Bearings,
Carbon Brushes,
Belts,
Fans,
Filters,
Wheels,
Bumper Stock,
Handle Grips
Vacuum Cleaners
Published by:
Allied National
1973 55 40mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 General Electric Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all 1960 GE Washers. These are the last year of the solid-basket machines and the first year that GE introduced a spin-brake to stop the tub from coasting at the end of the spin cycle.

Models include: WA-1055 WA-1050 WA-953 WA-855 WA-850 WA-755 WA-750 WA-635 WA-630 and WA-450.

Sections include:
Models - Features Chart
Description
General Description And Operation
Full Specifications
Installation Instructions
Disassembly
Transmission Service
Timer/Control Service
Electrical Components
Electrical Circuits
Wiring Diagrams And Schematics
Catalog Information
Automatic Washers
Published by:
General Electric
1960 122 61mb $7.32
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Thumbnail Image of Download Speakman Showers and Fixtures Catalog
Here is a catalog highlighting some vintage shower heads and fixtures from the early 1950s for both home and industrial use.


Miscellaneous
Published by:
Speakman
1951 8 8mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Maytag Automatic Washer model A212 Operating Instructions
Here is the complete Operating Instructions manual included with all Maytag A212 washers.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Maytag
1983 8 7mn $5.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Your General Electric Disposall
Owners manual and operating instructions for the 1950 GE Food Waste Disposer.


Food Waste Disposers
Published by:
General Electric
1950 12 7mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1967 to 1970 General Electric Dishwasher Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive technical and service manual to all General Electric Dishwashers made from 1967 thru 1970.

Sections include Model Information, Service Procedures, Wiring Diagrams, Timer Increment Charts, Service Notes.

Also included is the service manual for 1967 to 1970 Food Waste Disposers.
Dishwashers
Published by:
General Electric
1970 195 123mb $14.76
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Frigidaire Electric Range Tech-Talk Service and Parts Manual
Comprehensive service and full parts manual for all 1956 Frigidaire Electric Ranges. Models include:



RA-3-56, RA-4-56, RD-30-56, RD-38-56, RDG-38-56, RD-12-56, RD-20-56, RD-25-56, RI-39-56, RI-45-56, RIG-45-56.

Service manual includes wiring diagrams. Parts section shows all parts and part numbers. Having the manufacturers part number for the part you need is essential for doing internet/eBay searches to locate these rare, no longer available parts. In many circumstances they can be found once you know the part number. This guide is essential for anyone who has any vintage Frigidaire Range.
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Frigidaire
1956 94 70mb $9.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Daytons Semi-Annual Home Sale
Typical sales catalog of a classic major American regional department store in the 60s. Unlike today the department stores sold everything for the home. Among other things this catalog features furniture, major appliances, small appliances, vacuums and televisons.


Store Catalog Pages
Published by:
Daytons
1969 32 37mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Laundry Equipment Electric Motor Service Manual
From the first page: The motor service manual has been prepared by Westinghouse Laundry Service with a threefold purpose. First - to explain the motor thoroughly so you will better understand its operation. Second - to show you how to use this information to diagnose motor failures and third, to make use of the diagnosis by repairing the inoperative motor rather than replacing it.

Studies indicate that nearly 70% of all laundry equipment fractional HP motor failures can be repaired (and put back into service in the appliance) on the first call to the customers home. These same studies show that, more often than not, the inoperative motor is replaced rather than repaired and that it requires more than one call to perform the job.

This book is not intended to be a one volume course on all fractional horsepower electric motors. Its intent is to help you to better perform your job as it applies to laundry equipment drive, pump and fan motors. Failures that occur on laundry equipment motors and which can economically and profitably be repaired are such parts as terminal boards, end bells, switches, thermoguard and capacitors (when they are used). There are also a number of adjustments that can be made to get the motor back into operation.


Sections Include:
INDUCTION MOTOR DESCRIPTION
TESTING PROCEDURES
PARTS REPLACEMENT
INTERNAL MOTOR WIRING DIAGRAMS
MOTOR CHARTS
ORIGINAL PRODUCTION MOTOR NUMBERS vs REPLACEMENT MOTOR NUMBERS
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Westinghouse
1970 28 18mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download The Small Appliance and Housewares Department at John Plain
Here is the wonderful small appliance and housewares department of the catalog pages from John Plain in '69. We see so many of these great things from famous name brands at estate sales to this day.

Products include: cookware, bakeware, canisters, ice crushers, can openers, timers, cutlery, coffee makers and grinders, mixers, blenders, electric knifes, electric skillets, toasters, waffle makers, roasters, irons, etc.

Brands include: Mirro, Club, Revere, Randall, Regal, Presto, Farberware, Flint, Pantry Queen, Cosco, Rival, Beauty Ware, West Bend, Moulinex, Lux, Ekco, Dazey, Oster, Sunbeam, Toastmaster, KitchenAid, Ronson, Panasonic, Hamilton Beach, Westinghouse, General Electric, Nesco, Proctor-Silex and many more!
Miscellaneous
Published by:
John Plain Catalog
1969 41 52mb $6.24
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1963 General Electric Filter-Flo Automatic Washer and Dryer Brochures
Beautful brochures highlighting new thrid generation of V-12 automatic washers and dryers. Includes information on the brand new Mini-Basket system.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
General Electric
1963 16 25mb $4.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 General Electric Range-Cooktop-Oven Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all 1956 General Electric Cooking Appliances, Electric Ranges, Built-in Ovens and Cooktops.

N line (1956) models include: J243, J244, J245, J367, J400, J403, J405, J402, J408, J501, J502, J551, J552

Sections on servicing include:

CONVENTIONAL RANGES:
Appliance Outlet
Automatic Unit
Backsplasher
Cooktop
Fluorescent Light
Grill
Handles
Meat Thermometer
Nomenclature
Oven Door
Oven Door Hinge Supports
Oven Lamp
Oven Liner
Oven Switch
Oven Thermostat
Oven Units
Oven Vents
Storage Drawers
Summary of Features
Surface Units
Surface Unit Switches...
Switch Trim
Timer
Timer Trim
Wiring Diagrams

BUILT-In OVENS:
Custom Oven
Grounding
Nomenclature
Oven Door
Oven Light
Oven Liner
Oven Units and Contacts
Oven Vents
Summary of Features
Wiring Diagram

COOKTOPS:
Conduit Plug
Conduit Receptacle
Cooktop
Grounding
Method of Mounting
Nomenclature
Summary of Features
Surface Unit Switches..
Trim Frame
Wiring Diagram

If you are looking for the owners manual for these ranges, it can be found here: 1956 General Electric Range Owners Manual
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
General Electric
1956 51 34mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1971 Frigidaire Electric Range Tech-Talk Service Manual
Very comprehensive service manual for all 1971 Frigidaire Electric Ranges. Models include:

RS-305, RSE-365, RDG-355, RDG-385, RDE-385, RCIE-395, RD-155, RDG-205, RDE-205, RCDE-71, RCIE-755, RBG-5355, RCDG-637VS, RCDE-637VS, RCIE-639VS.
Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Frigidaire
1971 95 57mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download The Hoover Spin-Drying Washer
Sales lit specification sheet for the mid 1960s Hoover Twin Tub washer.


Twin Tub Washers
Published by:
Hoover
1965 2 4mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download For Features and Value Look at McClary
Wonderful catalog highlighting all of GSW and McClary appliances. Products include refrigerators, electric ranges, dishwashers, automatic washers, dryers, wringer washers, twin-tub washer, chest freezers and air conditioners.


Full Catalog
Published by:
GSW-McClary
1973 20 27mb $4.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download Philco Service Automatic Washer Service Procedures and Parts Data
Comprehensive parts and service manual for all 1962 Philco top-loading automatic washers. These are Philco's "High-Frequency" nutating agitator machines. Models include W226, W224, W222, W222A, W224S, W222S. Sections include Primary Service Data, Timer Sequence Charts and Wiring Diagrams, Service Procedures, Parts List and Detailed Service Illustrations.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Philco
1962 60 33mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Kitchen Aid Mixer K-45 - K5A and 4-C Owners Manual
Here is the complete use and care guide to all KitchenAid mixers from the late 1970's.

Models: K-45, K5A and 4-C.


Sections include:

Important Safeguards,
Understanding Your Food Preparer,
Speed Control Guide,
Adjustments,
General Instructions-Kneading Bread Dough,
Bread Making Tips,
Kitchen Aid Attachments,
Recipes,
Should You Ever Need Service.
Small Appliances
Published by:
KitchenAid
1978 52 41mb $7.99
Add to download cart
Thumbnail Image of Download The GE Review
The GE Review was an engineering magazine created to report on the advances of technology of the time, including advances in Home Appliances.

Articles in July 1952 issue...


Editorial: The Fourth of July

New Switchgear Laboratory Goes into Operation
Late last month on the flatlands of southwest Philadelphia, GE’s new high-capacity switchgear development laboratory was officially dedicated. With Company spokesmen looking ahead to an annual U.S. power consumption of possibly a trillion kw-hrs by 1965—more than triple the amount now being used—the new laboratory will aid in the development of switch- gear of higher ratings to keep pace with this phenomenal growth. continued…

Engineering the Automatic Washer
The automatic clothes washer is a simple device—to the housewife. She throws in the laundry, sets a control dial, and goes about her telephoning. A short time later she removes the laundry—washed and damp-dried.

Simply stated, the function of a domestic washing machine is to get the laundry clean, rinse out the detergent, and extract most of the water. For a third of the century these operations were performed with a machine in which the laundry was manually lifted from the tub and fed through a water- extraction device. Most of these devices were wringers, powered by the washing- machine motor. A limited number were the centrifugal-extraction type using the same or a separate tub. continued…

Stopping Ships
Even with modern navigating and communication aids there are times when things get out of hand and a collision ol ships appears imminent. The need for meeting this situation—rare though it may he—has an influence on the design of ships’ power plants.

Most large and fast ships are powered bv a steam turbine that drives the propeller through suitable gearing and shafting. The astern power that is used for stopping a ship is provided by a comparatively small separate section of the main turbine. The question immediately arises as to why the astern element can’t be given the same power as the ahead element. Well, it can. The simplest arrangement would he another turbine of the same size geared to drive the propeller backwards. continued…

Ferromagnetography
Contrary to general belief printing did not originate with Gutenberg; to the ancient Chinese belongs the credit. They made engravings—used mainly for printing on silk cloth—by carving figures out of wooden blocks. Later, around 1120 BC. they introduced wooden blocks of movable type.

Modern printing, on the other hand, began in the middle ages—about the year 1423. It was during this period that Johann Gutenberg, a German stonemason, had the idea of printing with movable type. So he set about his skill, cutting alphabets out of small wooden blocks to be used for typesetting. A friend advised him to use metal instead of wood, since it wouldn’t wear out so easily. This he did. As you can imagine, this task required many years and a large expenditure of money. He financed his operations by borrowing money on the type he’d already completed. Then, to prove to his creditors and the many cynics the worth of his efforts, he completely reproduced the Bible in print. continued…

Cool Breezes — Story of the Electric Fan
Fans preceded written history by many centuries. Some of the most ancient known fans were those of the Chinese dating back to 3000 BC. And ceremonial fans were used in 1700 BC by the reigning monarchs of Egypt and Assyria. Some thousand years later the "punkah" —a hand-swung lightweight ceiling-suspended fan—was introduced in India, and even today is still in use there.

From exquisitely made folding tans of the Japanese, followed by 17th century Paris creations of surpassing beauty, we come to the practical palm-leaf type and simpler folding fans of grandmother’s day.

It’s not possible to give the exact age of the electric fan—the youngest member of the ancient family of fans. But the earliest record of a U.S. patent awarded for an electric fan was in 1854. This was a ceiling-suspended assembly of several large fan blades, each hinged along one edge to a horizontal rotating arm driven by a battery-operated motor. Arms on the blades struck projections causing the blades to vibrate and thus agitate the air. continued…

Longer Life for Dry-type Transformers
Improvements in dry-type power transformers and their insulations is a good example of how electrical engineers are continually making progress in lengthening the life span of electric equipment and increasing its endurance to higher temperatures.

For many years insulations known as Class A were about the only ones available to the transformer designer. These insulations consisted of materials such as cotton, silk, or paper—impregnated with organic varnishes to give them additional mechanical and electrical strength. They were used in a medium of mineral oil or air. Such insulations were relatively inexpensive but a maximum allowable temperature limit of 105 C was necessary for reasonable life. continued…

The G10 Germanium Rectifier
In 1886 a German chemist by the name of Alexander Winkler found an unknown metal sulfide and isolated the element which he called germanium. It has a shiny metallic appearance, is extremely hard and brittle, and is recovered as a by-product in the smelting and refining of zinc ores.

Because germanium falls into group four of the periodic table, it has some of the chemical characteristics of the elements on either side of it. Germanium is both an electrical conductor and an electrical insulator, depending on its temperature, and is classed as a semiconductor. continued…

Nylon for Bearings and Gears
Although nylon is generally associated with such decorative items as stockings and sweaters, we have found that its versatility extends well into the fields of bearings, gears, and other workaday applications.
Nylon is tough at low7 temperatures, is resistant to abrasion, has strength in thin sections, is light in weight, has certain self-lubricating qualities, and is resistant to many chemicals. Properties are given in the table on the opposite page. Exact characteristics and specifications can be found in the literature put out by the manufacturers of nylon molding powders.

Bearing Tests - Of interest to design engineers is published data that shows the effect of wear on nylon when used as a bearing material. Results of tests using nylon against nylon, steel, and brass under various loads and speeds, and with various lubricants, are given on page 35. As you may suspect, the lowest rates of wear are found when nylon is run against nylon in a dry condition, as well as when nylon is run against steel lubricated with SAE 10 oil. When nylon is rubbed against brass, the metal flakes off and contaminates the hearing surface. continued…

The Unit Cost of Light
There’s more to figuring the cost of a lighting system than adding up the prices of fixtures, installation, and electricity. A tabulation of over-all annual costs that the customer may expect to pay appeals to the businessman, because it is expressed in his own language. Rut further analytical cost studies of operating and maintenance methods and lamp efficiencies may show you the way to worth-while savings or better lighting for the same expenditure.

To help you along this economic pathway a relatively simple formula has been devised. It is referred to as the "unit cost of light” method. In its most flexible form it deals with the raw light as generated by the lamps in just one fixture. Then, once the unit cost of light in dollars per million lumen hours is known, you can easily apply it to a specific installation if over-all costs are also desired. continued…

Added Kick for Turbojet Engines
Getting an 80-ton airplane into the air in a matter of seconds is no easy job. The problem is one of providing more than normal maximum thrust or "kick” at take-off. In the case of B-45 and B-47 jet bombers, their power plants (J-47 turbojet engines—one is shown on the adjacent page) were equipped with combustion-chamber water-alcohol injection systems for augmenting thrust.

Variations of these systems boost the take-off thrust from 15 to 25 percent or higher. As a result, heavy jet-powered aircraft can take off from minimum- length runways with maximum safety. continued…

Are We Ready for Railroad Electrification in the U. S.? .
Admittedly, widespread electrification in I lie United States is not just around the corner. Rut there is an element in the cost of railroad electrification and in the success of operation through the ensuing years that can not be settled too soon. This all-important factor is standardization. And standardization is so important primarily because it permits repetitive manufacture. Standardization, of course, offers other advantages that may be more familiar, but every day brings new evidence that a custom-designed article built in a job shop cannot compete with a highly engineered item produced under conditions of repetitive manufacture.

It is time for all who may have a hand in railroad electrification in the United States to start sifting out the alternatives and to find agreement on what may be the standard system of electrification in this country. Let us speak briefly about the prospects of electrification and [hen expand the theme of standardization. continued…

A Brightening Outlook - When will we see railroad electrification resumed in the United States? The answer depends largely on costs, with the cost of fuel or energy being a big part of the expense of locomotive operation.

When we compare the cost of diesel fuel with the cost of purchased electric power at the figures current today, we find them roughly equivalent. We are speaking, of course, of gallons of fuel oil or kilowatt-hours of electricity at the locomotive. As long as power costs in these two forms are even approximately equal, it is obvious that the diesel- electric locomotive with its lower investment is the correct answer for new installations. At the same time this approximate equality tells us that extensive electrified systems already installed should continue to be operated. continued…

New Safeguard for Protective Coatings
You can best define a plastics material as a synthetic organic substance. At some stage of production it’s plastic— capable of being shaped; or liquid— capable of being cast. Furthermore, it’s either thermoplastic or thermosetting. If thermoplastic, it softens under heat and can he remolded. If thermosetting, it sets under heat and can’t be remolded.

Phenolic materials are thermosetting plastics. And from practically the outset of the industry they’ve enjoyed an ever- expanding market. They take many and various forms. Probably the most familiar to you are radio cabinets, telephone handsets, buttons, tube bases, mechanical parts, and so on. continued…

Dollar-sign Engineering
The photo sequence beginning on the next page will show you how a value analyst operates—step by step—on a typical project. Here, it’s the timer for the automatic clothes washer. Because space doesn't permit us to show the results of the analysis on every part of the timer, we have selected one part as being typical. (In the actual project more than 30 individual parts of the timer were analyzed for value.)

It should be emphasized that nothing was wrong with the timer when we approached the Value Analysis Unit and requested a survey. The timer operated satisfactorily and costs were in line with similar products. But. as is the case with far-sighted management, they wanted to see if it wasn’t possible to further eliminate any unnecessary costs. continued…

Moisture vs Rubber Insulation
Although rubber compounds are used to waterproof such everyday items as overshoes, raincoats, and garden hoses, rubber compounds in general can’t be considered waterproof when used as an insulation for wire and cable.

What works on raincoats may not work on cables—the basic differences are: length of exposure; effect of moisture on the electrical properties. Cables insulated with rubber compounds must withstand years of continual exposure with a consequent absorption of moisture. And moisture absorption has proved to be a contributing factor in cable failures. continued…
Trade Publications
Published by:
The Review
1952 58 61mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1957 Hotpoint Electric Range Owners Manual
Here is the complete owners manual and use and care guide to all 1957 Hotpoint 30" and 40" ranges.


Ranges/Stoves
Published by:
Hotpoint
1957 92 97mb $11.64
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Thumbnail Image of Download KitchenAid KD-15 Series Dishwasher Owners Manual
Complete owners manuals and operating instructions to all 15 series KitchenAid automatic dishwashers from the middle and late 1960s. Models include Superba KDS-15, Imperial KDI-15 and the Custom KDC-15.

You are about to enjoy freedom from the monotony and drudgery of hand dishwashing that will make every mealtime a joy and save you hours and hours in which to do more of the pleasant and important things you like to do. Getting off to the right start with your new KitchenAid dishwasher is all important and that is why we urge you to become thoroughly familiar with the following information before you ever press a Cycle Selector Button. Knowing how to load and operate your KitchenAid properly will not only assure you of top performance but actually add much to the fun of " doing the dishes" automatically.
Dishwashers
Published by:
KitchenAid
1965 16 16mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1962 Kelvinator Room Air Conditioner Brochures
Here are some sales literature brochures from Kelvinator highlighting the Spacette, Custom, Magic Mount and Giant models.


Air Conditioners
Published by:
Kelvinator
1962 8 12mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download A Complete Automatic Home Laundry Anywhere in your New Home
A wonderful brochure produced by Blackstone from Jamestown, NY highlighting their model 150 washer, dryer and ironer line.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Blackstone
1951 4 5mb $4.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 Easy Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the service manual introducing the very first Velva-Power Easy Washers. The 1959 Easy Automatic Washer series Golden Regent and Riviera. Models ADK and ABK.

Sections include full specifications, Installation, Operating Instructions, Cycle of Operation Charts, Tools, Dismantling, Reassembly, Replacement of Parts, Adjustment, Troubleshooting Charts and Wiring Diagrams/Schematics.

The 1959 Automatic Washers Models ADK and ABK are equipped with a completely new, revolutionized, sealed transmission. This new "Velva Powered" transmission (equipped with a direct drive motor) has been thoroughly field tested commercially and in homes. It requires no belts, pulleys, solenoids, or other devices, such as "cut off" switches.

The limited out-put torque clutch in the transmission accomplishes two definite purposes. It permits gradual acceleration of the wash tub without overloading the motor and controls the spin speed, preventing the tub from reaching high r.p.m. when subjected to extremely unbalanced loads, eliminating the need for any cut-off device. An internal brake applied automatically at the end of the cycle allows the spin tub to come to a smooth gliding stop.

Automatic shifting from agitation to spin is accomplished by means of a two-speed, heavy duty, reversible, :Y3 H.P., 115 V., 60 cycle motor. An overload protector built into the motor prevents motor "burn-out."

A completely new type of discharge pump directly driven by the motor further eliminates pulleys and belts.

Automatic Washers
Published by:
Easy
1959 48 38mb $4.99

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