Hotpoint Kitchen and Laundry Planning
3 Spirit of '74
4 Activity Centers
5 Work Triangle
6 Getting in Shape
7 Spirit and Style
8 Spirit Of 1774
9 Spirit of 1874
10 Spirit of 1974
11 Spirit of 2074
12 A Place for Everything
13 Light Up Your Life
14 Room for Dining
15 Do's and Don'ts
16 Plan a Laundry
17 Laundry Locations
18 Put it On Paper
19 Appliance Templates
20 Cabinet Templates
21 Cabinet Dimensions
22 Hotpoint Distributors
23 Hotpoint 1974
THE SPIRIT OF '74
A growing family? A new home with an outdated kitchen? A need for new appliances? Whatever your reason for planning a new kitchen, you will want one that is easy to work in and fun to be in. You'll want practicality, plus style.
That's the idea behind the Spirit of '74. It's the can-do spirit that insists on a kitchen suited exactly to you and to your family's living style. This Hotpoint Kitchen/Laundry Planning Guide will help you interpret your Spirit of '74.
It will explain some of the fundamentals of planning a workable kitchen, give you some decorating ideas, and tell you how to translate your plan to paper, so a contractor or kitchen designer can carry it out.
Read through this book. Then talk to your Hotpoint dealer. He can show you appliances in the proper spirit, appliances that you will be proud of for years to come.
If you're planning a new kitchen, now is the time to discover your true spirit.
Every kitchen is organized around three main centers of activity-cooking, refrigeration and clean-up. These most important kitchen tasks should be coordinated in your new kitchen to help you save time and unnecessary steps.
Each activity center, therefore, should contain the major appliances, foods and other supplies used in that activity, plus cabinets to store it all.
The most frequently used center is the Clean-up Center. It includes a dishwasher, sink and disposer for food wastes and compactor or waste basket for bottles, cans and paper. Stored in this area will be foods that need to be washed or soaked, as well as space for everyday dishes, utensils and cleaning supplies.
If you are remodeling in stages, you may have budgeted some appliances for later installation. If so, place a cabinet of the right size for easy replacement by the appliance at a later date. You will need to allow 15" for a compactor, 24" for a dishwasher. Advance planning also provides the necessary electrical and water connections for these appliances.
The Refrigeration Center is best located in the part of the kitchen near the garage or service entrance, to save steps when carrying in groceries to be stored in and around the refrigerator. This center is also a good location for a baking/mixing center, with space for a mixer, mixing bowls, measuring cups, rolling pin, baking
pans, sugar, flour and other baking supplies.
The Cooking Center is organized around the range or surface cooking unit. Provide space for foods needing cooking; small appliances; pots, pans and trays; and cookies, breads and crackers.
Ideally, the cooking center should be as near as possible to the area where most family meals are served.
All other kitchen activities-dining, pet's feeding area, message/desk center-should be planned so they do not interfere with the main kitchen activities.
a Clean-up Center. Plan a minimum of 24 inches of working counter at each side of the sink. If possible, allow 30" to provide sufficient storage and work surface.
b The Refrigeration Center. Allow at least 15 inches at the open side of the refrigerator for a working counter. If a baking mixing area is planned, allow 30-42" of counter space.
c The Cooking Center. Allow 24 inches of counter space at the side of the range adjoining another activity center. On the other side, allow 12" to 15" of space. Between a wall oven and surface unit, allow a minimum of 9" for setting hot pans. A more remote wall oven should include a counter or shelf of at least 15" next to it.
In a carefully planned kitchen, movement between the activity centers should be unobstructed. To keep this main work area free of outside activities, draw in an imaginary work triangle between the three centers.
To establish the triangle, measure from the center of the sink to the center of the refrigerator to the center
of the range and back to the sink.
The total triangle measurement should be between 13 feet and 22 feet-with no single arm measuring less than 4' 6" or more than 1' 3".
This triangle represents the sequence of work from one activity center to the next-from storage, to washing and preparing foods, to cooking, to serving, and back to clean-up. If possible, miscellaneous activities and traffic flow through the room should not cross through the work triangle.
GETTING IN SHAPE
Choose one of the four basic kitchen shapes. There are four kitchen configurations which, when correctly planned, incorporate the basic planning principles. Each has many variations; for example, the U-shaped kitchen can be round or octagonal, whole or broken.
Study each plan for the location of the three main activity centers- Cooking, Refrigeration and Clean-Up
- and check the work triangle for each. Evaluate the ease of movement, the traffic pattern, and your special requirements to determine which kitchen shape will best suit your needs.
The L-Shaped Kitchen, utilizing two walls, allows great flexibility in placement of appliances, snack and storage areas. It is an excellent plan for large kitchens, and for kitchens used by more than one cook. At best, this kitchen's continuity of work sequence is unbroken by doorways.
The U-Shaped Kitchen is often used in connection with a family room or breakfast nook, using one arm of the "U" as a room-dividing peninsula.
This plan is well adapted for use by only one cook. It may require more floor space than other plans; and, as in all kitchens, the aisle should be at least 4 feet wide.
The Corridor Kitchen adapts readily to long, narrow kitchens, like those found in many modern homes and apartments. An aisle of at least 48 inches is recommended, and if possible one end should be closed off to prevent casual traffic from moving through the work triangle.
The One Wall Kitchen is often seen in studio apartments or summer homes, or wherever space is very limited. It also combines well with a family room or open plan arrangement. In this plan, special care must be taken to provide enough storage and counter space in each main activity center.
Once your kitchen is planned for efficiency, you can plan its style-the theme, color scheme and individual accessories that will make this kitchen uniquely yours-
Today there is no one style. You can design a kitchen with the look of the Orient or of Spain-with the spirit of 1774 or 2074. To choose a style that suits your spirit, consult decorating magazines and books or an expert- architect or Certified Kitchen Designer.
Color and accessories will enhance the style you choose. Color, for example, adds life and sets the mood
- cool greens to soothe a busy homemaker, or appetite-provoking oranges. And, don't forget that Hotpoint appliances are color-designed to complement most color schemes.
Accessories supply the touch of individuality. Show off your copperware mugs or favorite collection, and save cabinet space at the same time.
Grow herbs and spices on the windowsill; they're decorative and will add a gourmet touch to your meals.
What kind of kitchen would you Hike to have? On the next four pages, are the "Spirit of '74" kitchens from Hotpoint. We hope they'll give you more ideas for your new kitchen.
The Spirit of 1774 lends gracious dignify to this English Colonial Kitchen. The beauty of a homemaker's cherished antique china soup tureen and plates sets the tone. The brown and white of the china is reflected in the tile floor, brown cabinets with white
trim, white appliances and rich gold walls. Carefully selected Colonial accessories add their charm to the Spirit of '74.
The decorating style may be eighteenth century, but the living style is set firmly in the present. This homemaker has all the convenience of today, with Hotpoint dishwasher, disposer and compactor, plus a High/Lo range featuring a bottom microwave oven in addition to the standard eye-level
The pioneer spirit of 1874 still reigns in America's Southwest. An adobe wall with inset hearth, beamed ceiling, Mexican pattern tile floor, wood paneling and cabinets with wrought iron hardware interweave Western and the Spanish traditions.
Sunny colors add warmth to this simply-furnished kitchen, with its Avocado Hotpoint appliances, pine cabinets, orange curtains and avocado, orange and yellow vinyl floor.
Copper cookware displayed handsomely against the adobe wall and groupings of cactus add to the Southwestern motif. And despite the burning sun outside, the Hotpoint room air conditioner keeps the kitchen cool. The refrigerator's through-the-door dispenser gives quick access to ice for a refreshing drink, and a countertop oven cooks a quick snack, without heating up the kitchen.
The Spirit of 1974 features up-to-date style and efficiency. The bold contemporary pattern of the easy-clean vinyl wallpaper, the soft-on-the feet carpeting, wipe-clean TextoliteŽ counters, and flush door cabinets make this kitchen a joy,
A sliding glass door decorated with a tree design prevents a dead-end look in this corridor kitchen. Behind the door is a separate laundry room. Harvest Gold Hotpoint appliances accent the white, avocado and lime green of this kitchen, adding a touch of sunshine.
The Hotpoint convertible dishwasher looks built-in when not in use, extending the practical counter space with its handy butcher block surface. Load it at the table, then roll it to the sink when the dishes need washing.
The Spirit of 2074 brings the future a step closer. This streamlined circular version of the basic U-shaped kitchen is a free-standing modular island, with open access to the rest of the home.
The bold white surfaces are vinyl-covered for easy cleaning, and the vinyl floor needs no waxing. Gold and red accent colors sweep around the circular shapes in contemporary "Supergraphics" designs.
Homemaking convenience is 21st Century too, with the versatility of two standard Hotpoint ovens plus a built-in microwave oven, as well as a complete Clean-up Center including a Hotpoint disposer, compactor and dishwasher.
A PLAN FOR EVERYTHING
The storage ideas shown here are suggested to help you organize many kitchen items. These storage accessories can be ordered as options when you buy new cabinets or purchased separately in housewares departments of local.stores.. (a) Sliding shelves for pots and pans, (b) Pan rack helps avoid clatter stacking of casseroles and pans, (c) Pan lid rack on inner cabinet door, (d) Cutting board - built-in or portable, (e) Tray cabinet stores serving trays, cookie sheets, cooling racks in as little as 9 inches of width, (f) Moveable utensil and accessory stand, or utensil rack on wall
(g) Vegetable and fruit bins neatly stack, pull out, (h) Single action faucet set can include spray and detergent or hand lotion dispenser.
(i) Adjustable shelves adapt to changing storage requirements, (j) Plate rack helps prevent chipping, eases removal of plates, (k) Cup hooks or slide-out cup rack keep cups handy.
(l) Cabinets without center stiles (vertical dividers) give easier access, (m) Sub-shelf for cups, dessert dishes, s(mall glasses, avoids stacking, (n) Shallow shelves prevent double decking items, (o) Under-cabinet dispenser for waxed paper, paper towel.
(p) Utensil drawer is compartmentalized, (q) Silverware drawer lined with tarnish-proof cloth, (r) Pull-out bottle shelf, (s) Built-in flour bin. (t) Bag rack on inner door, (u) Compactor or waste container, (v) Double-tier spice rack, (w) Recipe rack moves into position for easy reading, (x) Glass sliding doors on peninsula cabinet allow passage of light, (y) Lazy Susan shelves in corner keep items handy to reach.
Cabinet in mini mixing/baking center stores portable appliances behind sliding glass doors for easy access. Top part of the cabinet stores spices and other baking supplies.
Wine rack and cannisters are storage aids that can be as decorative as they are practical.
Center island includes extra storage space, including a slot for serving trays.
Skillets and pans store conveniently on wall rack.
LIGHT UP YOUR LIFE
Every kitchen needs adequate lighting, including natural sunlight and electric lighting. You will need general overhead illumination and localized lighting above each major work area.
General lighting should be even, reducing the brightness contrast between work centers and surrounding areas and lighting the insides of cabinets. Use ceiling-mounted or suspended fixtures in a small kitchen or built-in fluorescent lighting around the kitchen perimeter. Luminous ceilings afford excellent overall light and distinctiveness.
Provide local lighting over the sink, range (in range hood), above each
food preparation center [installed beneath wall cabinet) and over the dining area.
Kitchen windows should be large; an unusual and effective variation is a skylight, a window in the ceiling shedding natural sunlight down into the room.
This kitchen is generously lighted, with a decorative overhead fixture and local lighting over the range and under cabinets onto work counters. A window adds natural light and provides a view.
Reflector flood lights recessed in soffit are spaced 20 inches apart over the length of the counter, providing local lighting to the inside of wall cabinets and onto the work surfaces.
Light built into range hood illuminates cooking surface, so you can see better.
Modern decorative light fixture focuses light on the island work surface.
ROOM FOR DINING
Almost every family likes to have some type of dining area in or near the kitchen. It's a good idea to separate this area from the working kitchen by a decorative divider that allows transfer of light, but hides unavoidable kitchen clutter.
If a table and chairs are to be used, there should be at least 2-1/ 2 feet of space around the table to allow comfortable movement and seating at the table. If there is no room for a table and chairs, include a counter or breakfast bar. A dining counter is usually 29 inches high with chairs and 36 to 42 inches high with bar stools of appropriate height. The counter should be 15" deep if used
just for dining, and 30" if the other side of the counter is used for meal preparation or serving,
A service center can be built under the snack bar with storage for tableware, linens, serving pieces, and portable appliances like the toaster and coffeemaker. If you plan for table and chairs, the base cabinets dividing the kitchen from the dining area can be the serving/storage area.
A simple counter extension provides space for meals, and doubles as a desk for planning the day's menu.
A table and chairs provides a welcome place to sit and chat with neighbors or family.
DO'S AND DONT'S
The suggestions given below are hints that may help you plan a more efficient kitchen - one that is safe and convenient.
Place sink far
enough away from range or oven
ra Install range away from open end of cabinets to minimize chances of spills. Plan for sufficient electrical outlets so wires don't stretch across counters or aisles.
Include a 5
as the control center for your home. Jot down grocery lists, quick notes to a friend and organize your household bills. Include a place for posting messages.
Vary Cabinets Arrange shallow units as a room divider near sink or range. Divider can cut off view to kitchen's clutter, still allowing visibility from the kitchen to breakfast nook.
Help avoid danger of burns or scalds and to avoid having too many people in one area at a time.
Space between wall studs can be planned for storage of many household items - ironing boards, canned goods. Shelves as shallow as 4 inches can be most convenient.
Don't let chimney, clothes chute, heating ducts, or pipes spoil your plan. Install cabinets around and near these obstacles to hold brooms, trays or liquor.
Install a hutch near family dining area to store countertop appliances. Use space between wall and base cabinets by installing shallow cabinets with sliding doors under wall cabinets.
Include a work counter near the built-in oven on which you can place baking dishes, roasting pans and serving dishes. A minimum of nine inches, more if possible, is recommended.
Don't design a narrow kitchen aisle, so that open cabinet and appliance doors impede work patterns, the minimum recommended aisle is 48 inches
Don't let the kitchen doors open against the face of appliances, hinge door from the opposite side of the jamb or use a sliding door.
Don't place dishwasher around the corner from the sink, blocking access to the sink.
Don't plan problem corners like a range and dishwasher at right angles. The operation
of their doors will interfere with each other.
Don't install dishwasher next to refrigerator if you con avoid it. Hot humid air from dishwasher can make refrigerator overwork
A laundry should be planned with the same general "activity center" principles used in the kitchen. The efficient laundry includes (1) soiled clothes storage, sorting and preparation center, (2) washing center and drying center, (3) ironing center with a place to hang things (4) clean clothes storage or linen closet.
This compact, one-wall laundry area, entered through the sliding glass decorator door at the end of the kitchen, includes the four activity centers. The base cabinet at the left side is a hamper. There is adequate
counter space for treating stains and sorting clothes. Wall cabinets provide storage for laundry supplies above the washer and for folded linens over the dryer. Additional countertop gives space for folding and hanging clothes.
Although handy to the kitchen and decorated in the same style and color scheme, the laundry is separate from the kitchen and its activities.
Laundry facilities may be located in one of several areas in the home. Remember, however, that the dryer must be vented to discharge lint and hot, humid air to the outside. Second, there is much more than just washing and drying to do in the laundry area; include space for pre-washing, ironing and sewing where space permits.
Convenient locations for laundry areas include: 1) in a hallway serving the bedroom area, near a water source and other venting. 2) near the kitchen where all water using appliances are reasonably close together. 3) in the basement, as part of the housekeeping room, 4) in the utility room near the kitchen and back door, or 5) in the bathroom behind decorative doors or screen.
PUT IT ON PAPER
If you are planning to remodel an existing kitchen or convert all or part of an existing room into a kitchen, measure the kitchen or room according to the procedure outlined below. All measurements must be accurate, because this is the base for your new kitchen; incorrect measurements can mean costly changes later.
Draw the outline of the room on scratch paper. Then, starting at any corner of the room, use a ruler or yardstick to measure at a convenient height and mark all dimensions on your outline drawing.
Carefully note all irregularities - chimneys, closets, pipe raceways, radiator and any other structural items. Indicate the location of light switches and electrical outlets, exhaust fans, heat registers and plumbing. Door and window dimensions should include trim and indicate distance from floor to window sill.
As you measure, determine what is inside the walls, such as gas, electric or water pipes, duct work, stacking and chimneys, by careful examination of the area all around the kitchen. Usually it is less expensive to plan around those items than it is to change them.
If your next kitchen is in a new location, room addition or new home, work from your architect's or contractor's prints. Check all dimensions and details carefully before you start to plan and certainly before you order any cabinets or appliances.
Using the Kitchen-Laundry layout grid sheet from this guide, carefully lay out the perimeter of the kitchen from your measurements. Use the scaled rule found on the transparent grid. Be sure to indicate exact location of doors (and which way they swing), windows, plumbing and other features that will influence your plan.
Try more than one arrangement on scratch paper and in each one check the work centers, work triangle and traffic patterns. Study your arrangements and determine which one best fits your requirements.
After deciding on the best plan, place the transparent grid, with your kitchen's outline drawn on it, over the appropriate part of the appliance template (on page 19). Trace the three main centers (refrigeration, cooking and clean-up) into the position where you want them and fill in the remaining areas, using the cabinet templates on page 20.
Laundry Planning can be handled in a similar way on the same, or another, grid sheet. The basic units of the laundry-the washer and dryer-could be placed in the best location and other facilities planned . to fit the remaining area.
For new appliances, be sure to consult specification literature for cut-out dimensions, required clearances and exact size of the model(s) you intend to purchase. For appliances you now own and plan to keep, measure unit accurately; indicate refrigerator door swing. Be careful to avoid boxing refrigerator in corner with door opening wrong way. Call on your Hotpoint Kitchen Specialist or Hotpoint Dealer for planning assistance, appliance suggestions and financing advice for your new kitchen.
NOTE: Be sure to consult specification literature for cut-out dimensions, required clearances and exact size of the model(s) you intend to purchase.
Templates for typical base and wall cabinet sections are given below. For exact cabinet dimensions, refer to the specification sheets of the manufacturer whose cabinets you expect to use. When drawing in cabinets, remember not to put cabinets across doors or windows. Note the corner fillers; they are necessary for positive operation of doors and drawers.
Base Cabinets-Scale: 3/8" = 1 Ft. (As viewed from above)
Straight corner "Blind Right"
NOTE: Corner fillers are necessary for positive operation of doors and drawers.
Wall Cabinet - Scale: 3/8" = 1 Ft. (As viewed from above)
filler needed to turn corner
Continuous Counter for sink, surface range or snack 8 bar
Check manufacturer's specification literature for exact dimensions
The view below is of a cross-section of a cabinet, indicating height and depth. Possible lengths are included on page 20, Cabinet Templates, Be sure to check your cabinet manufacturer's specifications for exact dimensions.
Some common planning marks are shown below. Use to help explain the location of your facilities.
Lighting fixture: ceiling light centrally located-for general illumination, or wall light over sink. Choice depends on window and cabinet arrangement. Additional lights under cabinets often are desirable.
Duplex convenience outlet. Plan one for each four feet or major fraction of working counter frontage.
Light switch-numeral indicates number needed.
Kitchen clock outlet.
'74 HOTPOINT APPLIANCES
Hallmark 30" Hi/Low Range
Side by Side Food Center
Disposall Food Waste Disposer
Lady Executive Washer and Automatic Dryer
Heritage Room Air Conditioner