Your General Electric Dishwasher
"No race of beings can rise far until dish-washing is entirely abolished. People who have servants, and who never touch a dish until it is clean, may think that they have escaped this ghastly and greasy rite of the Home, and are therefore freed from the possibility of spiritual contamination.
"But they are wrong. For they have in their Homes people who are in contact with the hellish function; people who are debased and mentally and morally crippled and stunted by the task of cleaning up after three meals a day. And the psychic condition of these menials helps create an atmosphere that is deleterious to their employers. The millionaire has his mansion, the prince has his palace, but neither wealth nor rank can buy immunity from dirty dish-water; a horrid, turbid, soapy, oily rivulet, it trickles in hidden conduits through the abodes of the rich and great; it contaminates the world."
WE ARE GLAD TO COUNT YOU AMONG OUR OWNERS
If this is your first experience as the owner of an electric dishwasher, naturally we share an interest in the assurance that you enjoy its many advantages to the fullest.
You bought it for its designed purpose-to wash dishes. However, this new servant through its faithful service will accomplish much more for you than merely washing your dishes and glassware, your utensils, your pots and pans.
These things will become evident to you on acquaintance, and we urge you to become thoroughly acquainted with your new servant.
To aid in this, we ask you to read this booklet carefully, thoughtfully. It shows you how you may obtain the utmost from your dishwasher; how you may enjoy fully all its time- and labor-saving conveniences.
We, as manufacturers, assure you that we are conscious of a responsibility which extends far beyond the building of a quality product. We are as eager as you are to have your dishwasher completely satisfactory to you. So, for selfish reasons we ask you to read this booklet, which in fullest detail explains the features and operation of this appliance.
If you will do so, you will find the General Electric Dishwasher a faithful, reliable, willing servant throughout the years to come.
THINGS YOU WILL WANT TO KNOW ABOUT YOUR GENERAL ELECTRIC DISHWASHER
Now that the monotonous, disagreeable job of washing dishes by hand is just a memory of the past, you will have a new leisure to enjoy any way you wish. You have established a new standard of cleanliness in your home which will pay dividends in health-happiness, too.
Dr. James G. Cummings, nationally prominent health official of Washington, D. C., recently stated: "Dishes and forks, knives and spoons washed in the usual way are responsible for the spread of diseases, causing thirty to forty-five per cent of the deaths in the United States."
From now on your dishes will be washed in hot water-hotter than human hands can stand-the same temperatures used to pasteurize milk. The result is an assurance of hygienically clean dishes- always.
Common sense tells us that women who have machines to do the drudgery of their housework, live longer, look better, are healthier and happier. If you have a maid, remember that now she'll like to do the dishes and can spend the time she saves, at other tasks.
Your kitchen will be tidy and always presentable because now you can put the soiled dishes and utensils in the dishwasher as soon as you are through with them. The actual washing may be postponed until the most convenient time or, until a full load has been accumulated. When entertaining, you can join in the after-dinner fun with your guests knowing that your kitchen is ready for the most critical inspection.
Children, sharing the household duties, naturally resent the disagreeable work of washing and wiping the dishes the old-fashioned way. Arguments about who should wash and who should wipe will no longer exist. Now that you have a G-E Dishwasher, don't be surprised if they should ask to do the dishes.
When not in use, the dishwasher cover furnishes you with an additional work surface that is durable as well as acid-resisting and stainless. Its luster will outlast a lifetime of hard wear. Easy to clean and keep clean, too. When the dishwasher is in use and the cover closed, the gasket around the edge seals in the hot water and steam. As you lift the cover, notice how the hinges automatically tighten, securely holding the cover in a vertical position.
The tub is drawn and pressed into shape from one single piece of steel. The corners are rounded. There are no seams to leak, no ridges to warp. On the inside, a heavy coating of porcelain enamel gives a smooth surface where no stray particles of food can lodge. The interior is as clean and sanitary as a china cup that has just been washed in it. The funnel-shaped bottom drains quickly and completely.
The self-seating brass drain valve is located beneath the perforated disc in the extreme bottom of the tub. If you turn the right handle back and forth you can see it close and open. Should a foreign particle lodge under the drain, the valve will be held open and the water will run out. If this occurs, the raising and lowering of the drain control several times while water is running into the tub will usually flush it away.
The dasher is directly above the drain. It has two fan-shaped blades which revolve at high speed and dash the water across the surface of the dishes, driving off every trace of food soil with the same action as you would have cleaning the sidewalk with a garden hose.
The water enters the tub through the spray directly above the dasher. The force of the water causes the spray nozzle to revolve rapidly like a small lawn sprinkler, scattering hot water evenly in every direction over all the
dishes, bringing them up to the temperature of the water gradually with complete safety to your finest china and glassware. The spray also gives the dishes a preliminary rinse, flushing away much of the food soil that is left after scraping the dishes.
The two chrome-plated brass wire trays are ingeniously designed for large capacity and easy loading. Every surface of every dish will get the full benefit of the powerful water action. Every corner of the lower tray is readily accessible when the hinged section of the top tray is raised. The trays, safely holding the dishes, do not move ... In fact, your dishes are as safe in these trays as they are in your china closet.
The silverware basket is located in the center of the lower tray. It is easily reached through the hinged section of the top tray or may be removed for loading and polishing the silverware, if desired.
The large capacity of the General Electric Dishwasher is ideally suited to both large and small families. It accommodates all the dishes, plates, cups, saucers, glasses and silverware. You will appreciate this large capacity when entertaining. All the dishes used in one day by the average small family can be washed at one time and when most convenient.
But convenience is not all that this large capacity offers.
Dirty dishes can be kept out of sight and your kitchen will be neat and tidy-always.
THE ELEC-TRIP WATER VALVE
You need never worry about having too much or too little water in the dishwasher.
The amount is accurately controlled by an electrical device which automatically turns off the water when only one gallon has entered the tub.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
The General Electric Dishwasher has been designed to render years of dependable service which has been accomplished by the simplicity of its mechanical features.
The motor requires no oiling.
The dishwasher cleans itself, and requires no attention other than occasionally wiping out the interior of the tub with a damp cloth-once a month is usually sufficient. Both trays can be easily removed for this purpose. Like any other water container it is desirable to leave the cover up occasionally to allow the dishwasher to be thoroughly aired and dried.
KNOWING THESE FEATURES AND THEIR FUNCTION WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND MORE CLEARLY HOW EFFICIENTLY YOUR GENERAL ELECTRIC DISHWASHER WORKS FOR YOU.
NOW LET'S WASH THE DISHES
All insoluble food waste such as lettuce leaves, seeds, meat scraps and vegetables should be removed. You will find that a rubber edged scraper or paper towel is most convenient for this purpose. Don't bother to stack the dishes. Put them right into the dishwasher as you scrape them.
In the lower tray, put vegetable or deep dishes on edge in the corners with platters along the side facing toward the center. Large and small plates should then be spaced evenly around the circular center section, one to each holder, facing as shown in the illustration. Always have plates evenly spaced, regardless of the number to be washed, as proper washing action in the top tray depends on the deflection of water which these plates provide.
PROPER ARRANGEMENT Or DISHES IN THE LOWER TRAY
Now put in the basket containing the silverware, if it has been previously removed for loading. Make sure that the silver is well scattered to prevent nesting and the handles are down.
Cups, saucers, glasses, small bowls and pitchers go in the upper tray, facing as shown. Saucers may be washed in the lower tray if there is sufficient room.
For best results, use water temperatures of 140° to 160°F.
If you have room, cooking utensils such as saucepans, pan covers or pie tins may be washed right along with the dishes. Otherwise wash separately, arranged as shown in the third picture. Detailed instructions for washing pots and pans will be found on page 13.
ONE ROUNDED TABLESPOON OF DETERGENT
The detergent cup is the container located in the hinged center section of the upper tray, into which the detergent (washing compound) is placed after the dishes have been loaded in the trays. It is important that only recommended detergents be used. This is more fully explained on page 12. After the dishes have
been placed in the trays, put one rounded tablespoonful of detergent in the detergent cup, lower the lid and in three simple steps the dishes will be done.
ARRANGEMENT OF POTS AND PANS IN LOWER TRAY WHEN WASHED ALONE
THE WASHING PROCEDURE
1 THE SPRAY
Turn the left handle down until it latches. This starts the dasher whirling and at the same time turns on the water which gives the dishes a preliminary spray, flushing away crumbs and excess soil that were not removed when the plates were scraped. The spray brings the dishes and the tub up to the temperature of the hot water gradually.
2 THE WASHING OPERATION
Allow the spray to continue for a few seconds until the water runs hot. You can tell this by placing your hand on the cover. Then close the drain by turning the right handle down.
Automatically, one gallon of water is measured into the tub, the water is shut off and the left control will return to the washing position. As the dasher revolves, it catches the water and hurls it over all surfaces of every dish with a scrubbing, swirling action. Some of the water which is deflected by the cover is caught in the detergent cup where it quickly dissolves the detergent into the tub. In about five minutes the dishes will be thoroughly and hygienically clean. Turn off the motor and open the drain by returning both handles to their horizontal position.
3 THE RINSE
Rinsing the dishes is the last step. Turn on the motor and allow the spray to continue for about five seconds. Next close the drain and after the gallon of water has been measured in, allow the water action to rinse the dishes for about half a minute.
BOTH CONTROLS IN "OFF" POSITION
Then shut off the motor and open the drain. Repeat once more, this time allowing the water action to continue for about one full minute. After turning the controls to the "off" position, raise the cover. Your dishes have been thoroughly rinsed in clear, hot water, and will dry in a jiffy.
In localities where the water is hard, it is desirable to polish glassware and silverware immediately, to remove the few drops of water that if allowed to evaporate would leave a slight watermark.
A DAY'S DISHES ALL DONE IN LESS TIME THAN IT TAKES TO TELL
A WORD ABOUT DETERGENTS .
The word detergent is new to most of us. In electrical dishwashing it is used to define washing compounds that provide the necessary qualities for obtaining the most satisfactory result. These results depend just as much on the action of the detergent as upon the action of the water.
It is necessary to use a cleansing agent that will remove the grease film as well as other types of food soil. In hard water areas the detergent must eliminate the accumulation of mineral deposits that otherwise would be formed by the evaporation of the water. Do not use soap-powders or flakes in your dishwasher. The excessive amount of suds will blanket the water action and reduce its effectiveness; it will not completely remove the grease film from the dishes and will combine with minerals in the water to form a deposit the same as the ring around the bathtub.
There are only a limited number of detergents which meet all of the desired requirements. Of these, Calgonite is universally recommended for any water condition. There are others, however, that may prove satisfactory in your locality. Your General Electric dealer will be glad to advise you in this matter of selecting the proper detergent.
Alkali of any kind has a slight tendency to discolor aluminum. Stains on aluminum ware in which certain foods are cooked are caused by alkali in those foods.
All detergents have some alkaline content, so care should be taken that the detergent is correctly used in the dishwasher, otherwise some discoloration may occur. The recommended detergents such as Calgonite are especially prepared to provide for aluminum protection when properly used. Make sure that all the powder is put in the detergent cup, and none is spilled on the aluminum pans. When the upper tray is removed to allow for washing exceptionally large pans and roasters, place the detergent in one corner of the tub-not on the pans-after the preliminary spray has been completed. To do this, first return the left control to the horizontal position after the water runs hot. Close the drain. Put the detergent in the corner of the tub, lower the cover, and turn the left control down until it latches. After washing, rinse the usual way.
POTS AND PANS
Those cooking utensils containing sauces, grease, gravy or other soluble food soil can be placed in the dishwasher immediately after the food has been removed. The occasional pan with burned-on, crusted or sticky food soil will require preliminary attention.
The following procedure is recommended for pots and pans with burned-on, crusted or heavy sticky food soil:
The heavy soil should first be scraped from the utensils as soon as the food has been removed.
The pans should then be filled with water and allowed to soak until they are to be washed. This soaking will soften and loosen the food soil, which can then be easily removed from the sides and bottom of the pans with a steel wool mop or brush (obtainable at any hardware or 5¢ and 10¢ store). The utensils are then emptied, placed in the dishwasher, washed and rinsed in the regular way. The routine may be varied by placing the pans without soaking in the dishwasher as soon as the food has been scraped from them. Between the washing and rinsing operations, the pans can be easily inspected. Any food soil remaining after the washing operation will have been softened by the action of hot water and the detergent, and can be quickly and easily removed with a small scouring pad. The rinsing operation should then be continued.
When there are only one or two small pans to be washed and sufficient space is available in the Dishwasher after the dishes have been loaded, the pans are placed upside down in the upper tray and washed with the dishes. Pie tins or pan covers may be placed along the sides of the tub in the lower tray.
When there are several pans and miscellaneous utensils (sieves, egg beaters, graters, bowls, etc.) and the dishes make a full load, the pans should be washed separately. The upper tray can be removed, if necessary, for the washing of large pans or roasters. The silver basket should be left in place. The utensils with the heaviest soil should be loaded so they get the full force of the water action unobstructed. Pans should not be placed on top of each other as the lower pan blankets the water and prevents the action from reaching those above. Dishes cannot be washed in the upper tray with a full load of pans in the lower tray for the same reason. See the illustration on page 8.
It is important for best results to use water of 140° to 160°F. temperature in your General Electric Dishwasher.
These temperatures are necessary to provide hygienically clean dishes and to remove all types of food soil and grease film.
Temperatures below 140° may not entirely remove the grease film and will impair the quality of cleanliness. On the other hand, excessively high temperatures will actually cook some types of food soil making it difficult to remove. Your General Electric dealer will be glad to check the temperature of the water at the time of installation or during your demonstration.
JUST TO REMIND YOU WHEN YOUR FRIENDS ASK
Will it Wash Pots and Pans?
Pots and pans are very easily washed in the G-E Dishwasher. Those with burned-on food require preliminary attention before they are placed in the machine. Kettles and extra large pans are usually washed separately.
Is the Finest China Safe in the Dishwasher?
There is no danger of chipping or cracking or breaking because the trays are stationary and resilient. The revolving spray method of supplying the hot water in the machine gradually and safely raises the temperature of the china and glassware.
Will the Machine Wash Egg Dishes?
Egg dishes are as easily washed as any others. The General Electric Dishwasher does not discriminate between various kinds of food soil.
Does a Small Family Need a Dishwasher?
Yes, indeed! Eliminating a disagreeable job, safeguarding the family's health and the releasing of time for more pleasant pursuits is just as important in a small family as in a large one.
Is Once-a-day Dishwashing Practical for Small Families?
It is thoroughly practical and heartily endorsed by leading Home Economists. The machine provides a sanitary receptacle of large capacity in which the soiled dishes may be accumulated. The dishes are out of sight and the kitchen is always neat and tidy. Progressive housewives are fast abandoning the old three-times-a-day routine necessary in hand dishwashing.
Will it Do Good Work on Dishes Left Over Night?
It is immaterial whether the dishes are fresh from the table or left over night. Many users keep dishes from the noon and evening meals over night and wash them with the breakfast dishes in the morning.
Is the Machine Hard to Keep Clean?
Not at all. On the contrary, it is self-cleaning and requires no attention except for an occasional cleaning with a damp cloth once or twice a month. A scouring powder may be used if desired.
Is it Likely to Get Out of Order and Require Service?
Simplicity and dependability are characteristic of all G-E appliances for the home. The Dishwasher is no exception. It is amazingly simple mechanically, and designed to render many years of dependable service.
Is it Costly to Operate?
The cost of the electric current required is almost negligible; only about 5¢ a week. Can any woman afford to do this disagreeable work by hand that the General Electric Dishwasher will do for only a penny a day?
Is it Necessary to Wipe the Dishes by Hand?
No. The dishes dry themselves. You will be surprised how quickly the dishes dry after being thoroughly heated by the hot rinse water. You may find it desirable to polish the glassware and silverware.
Does it Use a Lot of Hot Water?
No. It requires no more hot water than washing the dishes by hand. In many cases it takes much less than old-fashioned methods.
If there is anything you want to know concerning your dishwasher, please feel free to call your dealer. He will be glad to answer any questions.
We thank you for having read this booklet and we believe you will have many pleasurable experiences because of having taken this step forward in your kitchen.
And now, may we present the True Companion to your G-E Dishwasher
Throw Away Your Garbage Can Too!
ALL FOOD WASTE IS REDUCED TO A THIN PULP AND FLUSHED DOWN THE SINK DRAIN WHILE IT IS STILL FRESH
Now that you own a General Electric Dishwasher, you probably have thrown away your dishpan. Throw away your garbage can, too. With the General Electric Disposall you can stop saving garbage.
Just as the turn of a switch now washes your dishes, the turn of the switch of the Disposall entirely solves the problem of disposing of kitchen food wastes once and for all. While preparing the meal, and after the meal, scrape all food wastes right into the sink drain - parings, bones, and all! Turn the switch and the G-E Disposall quickly reduces the waste to a thin pulp which is flushed down the drain like waste water.
There's no muss-no fuss-no odor. Food waste is eliminated while still fresh. The scouring action of the shredded pulp actually polishes the machine and drain interiors. No clogging-nothing to clean. Ask your G-E dealer for a demonstration.
ONLY WHEN YOU HAVE A DISPOSALL WILL YOU KNOW ALL THE JOYS OF COMPLETE ELECTRIC SINK SERVICE
When you add further electrical appliances to your home, we hope that they, too, will be...