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A History of the Hoover Company


Published by Hoover in 1975-- A History of the Hoover Company, a Proud Past...An Exciting Future. Fascinating booklet that highlights Hoover's entire history up to the mid 70s.

Number of Pages: 12
File Size: 10mb
Download Fee: $4.99

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Please note that all publications presented here at Automatic Ephemera are on average between 35 and 85 years old. This information is presented as a educational/historical reference on vintage products of the past. Any trademarks or brand names appearing on this site are for nominative use to accurately describe the content contained in these publications. The associated trademarks are the sole property of their registered owners as there is no affiliation between Automatic Ephemera and these companies. No connection to or endorsement by the trademark owners is to be construed.


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Here is an automated summary of some of the text contained in:
A History of the Hoover Company
Published in 1975

Important: Please note the summary text below was created by electronically reading the scanned images with optical character recognition software (ocr). OCR technolgoy is not yet perfected and you might see some spelling and formatting errors in the preview text below. These errors are not actually in the final product, the download file you will receive is a pure clean high-resolution scan of the original document, containing all text, graphics and photos exactly as originally printed.
Page 1:

A History of the Hoover Company

Page 2:

Hoover...Yesterday and Today

The Hoover Company is the oldest and most widely known manufacturer of vacuum cleaners in the world, and in more recent times has become known as an international manufacturer and marketer of home appliances of all kinds.

It all started in 1908 in New Berlin (now North Canton) in a corner of what was then the Hoover leather goods and harness factory.

The Hoover factory looked like this in early part of the century when the company began making its first vacuum cleaners.

(At bottom) The factory and offices at North Canton as they are today.

Today Hoover numbers more than 20,000 employees in its worldwide organization. There are factories in Canada, England, Scotland, Wales, France, Australia, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia and South Africa, and there are sales offices on five continents and in most of the world's principal cities.

In addition to its famous line of vacuum cleaners, the company also manufactures and markets a wide range of other home appliances in the United States: Floor polishers and rug shampooers, spin-drying washing machines, compact dryers, automatic washers and dryers, irons of all kinds, hair dryers, blenders, fry pans, toasters, electric broilers, grills, humidifiers and dehumidifiers, heaters, air purifiers and many more.
Page 3:

In addition to making metal die castings for its own products, Hoover also produces custom die castings used in a wide range of applications by other manufacturers. They go into automobiles, aircraft, business and office machines, small motors, hand tools, motion picture projectors, farm and home implements, and many other products.

The company's Knapp-Monarch Division, with factories in St. Louis, Mo., and Holly Springs, Miss., also produces a wide range of electric irons, fans, heaters, rotisserie-ovens, waffle baker-grills, and similar small appliances.

The Leather Business

The company is a monument to the foresight of the late W. H. "Boss" Hoover and his son, H. W. Hoover, who were successful manufacturers of the horse-and-buggy era.

In 1907, the W. H. Hoover Company was a thriving business making saddles, harness and other leather goods, as well as leather accessories for the automobile industry. But as the shadow of the automobile fell ever stronger upon the harness business, the Hoovers began looking around for other possible enterprises.

A New Company

By one of those strange but fortunate turn of events, a local inventor and relative of the Hoovers, J. Murray Spangler, brought a model of his "electric suction sweeper" to them about this time. It was rather a crude machine, made of tin and wood, with a broom handle and a sateen dust bag, but "H. W." and his father saw an opportunity and a future in it.

There had been suction or so-called vacuum cleaners, operated by hand or foot, as far back as 1871 and perhaps farther. Vacuum cleaners powered by an electric motor began to appear after the turn of the century, but they were cumbersome and inefficient and none had any appreciable market.

This one was different. Sparked by new production and merchandising ideas, the Hoovers started to make a refined model of the Spangler cleaner in 1908. They called their new organization the Electric Suction Sweeper Company.

The small operation, occupying one department of three men, was geared to put out only five or six sweepers a day; but it promptly created the problem: How to sell them?

A bit cumbersome in appearance, first Hoover cleaners weighed over 40 pounds but they were a boon to the housewife.
Page 4:

It seemed best to approach the public through local merchants. Descriptive literature was printed, order blanks prepared, and prospective dealers were circularized by mail. Armed with samples, H. W. Hoover made out-of-town trips to call on possible dealers. His usual procedure was to approach a merchant with a sample machine and invite him to go along to see how easily it could be sold. Mr. Hoover would make a demonstration before a possible purchaser. If he made the sale, the merchant, impressed with the ease with which it could be done, would place an order for additional machines.

A Sales Plan Is Developed But this procedure was limited and slow. So, in October 1908, the first traveling salesman-soon followed by others-was employed to go on the road. A small advertisement was placed in "Electrical World" to solicit dealers, and the first national advertisement was run in the December 5, 1908 issue of the "Saturday Evening Post."

It offered a 10-day free trial of the electric suction sweeper in the home, and it brought inquiries from hundreds of prospective buyers.

The plan worked out for handling inquiries was simple but effective. A letter was sent to the person making the inquiry saying that a sweeper would be sent to him through a local dealer. A dealer in the prospect's home town would then be selected and advised that a sweeper was being sent to him, express prepaid, for delivery to the prospect.

If the prospect purchased the sweeper, the dealer was paid a commission. If the prospect did not buy, the dealer was urged to keep the sweeper as a sample and become a regular outlet.

A good many excellent dealers were lined up in this way, many of them still with the company.

It early became apparent to the Hoovers that if the dealer was a keystone in the success of sales, personal demonstration of the product was equally important. That principal, a major force in the company's sales program from its door-to-door days to the present, has resulted in Hoover's nationwide network of sales people, trained thoroughly and constantly in the features and advantages of all Hoover products.

A national magazine advertising campaign, forerunner of those to come, was initiated early in prominent publications like Collier's (1), extolling the many benefits of the new electric cleaner. An early production line scene (2) shows pretty girls as they dexterously wound armatures, a key process in electric motor manufacture.
Page 5:

Triple-Action Cleaning

If selling the product called for new ideas, so did the quality and design of the sweeper.

In the year immediately following its beginning, the fledgling sweeper company inaugurated an engineering and design development program under the leadership of Francis Mills Case. A prominent mechanical engineer, Mr. Case was quick to recognize the significance of carpet vibration in dirt removal. His original work on this principle was later developed to give Hoover cleaners an exclusive feature they still have-the gentle tapping or beating of the carpet by a patented agitator bar to loosen embedded dirt.

This, in addition to the brisk brushing action by revolving brushes, and strong suction created by a fan, produces Hoover's famous "triple action." That basic idea, continually refined and improved over the years, is still a big factor in the company's leadership in the vacuum cleaner field.

First Expansion

An assembly plant was established in Windsor, Ontario, Canada in 1911, marking the company's first step into foreign fields.

In 1916, the first unit of the modern Hoover factory in North Canton was started. It was a three-story red brick building which still occupies the southwest corner of the plant. Its scheme of architecture, blending in tastefully with the surrounding residential area, was followed until the middle '50s.

The identifying slogan, "It Beats, as It Sweeps, as It Cleans," familiar to generations, was created in 1919. In that same year a decision was made to drop the manufacture of leather goods.

Frank G. Hoover, H. W.'s brother, who had been primarily involved with the leather business, came into the growing electric cleaner organization as associate general manager.

Continuing Growth

The Hoover Suction Sweeper Co., Ltd., now Hoover Limited, was officially launched in Britain in 1919. Originally established as a sales company, the British subsidiary has since grown to giant size, employing over 10,000 people in the United Kingdom and with manufacturing plants at Perivale (near London), in Cambuslang, Scotland and Merthyr Tydfil, Wales. It markets an ever increasing range of domestic appliances with sales running into millions of products every year.

(1) Hoover salesman of the era used popular conveyance-complete with demonstrator-to make calls. (2) Testing cleaners after assembly. By 1920, when this picture was taken, sales of vacuum cleaners were outrunning production. (3) An aggressive sales educational program was begun in 1919 to thoroughly ground Hoover salesmen in features, servicing of their product. It continues to this day.
Page 6:

(1) Computer-prepared information about every phase of company business is a vital management tool today. (2) Samples of hundreds of latest carpet and rug types are used by engineering to reveal best cleaning methods. (3) Blister packaging of service parts on this vacuum forming machine makes them easy for customers to buy in stores. (4) Giant 94-ton machine for injection molding of washing machine tubs turns out one every 90 seconds. Plastics, used extensively by Hoover, offer great variety of colors, design shapes, and new dimension in durability.

Ground-breaking for a new factory at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada was another major step forward in that same year.

At home, an engineering department, since grown to one of the most complete of its kind, was started under H. Earl Hoover, chief engineer, and later vice president and chairman of the board of the company.

Affected-along with industry in general -by the postwar depression of 1921, the company revised its sales training program. Sales policies and procedures were strengthened and a heavy national advertising program begun.

The first of the Hoover International Sales Conventions was held. These became an annual event in the '20s, with sales delegates from the United States and many foreign countries attending. The site of the conventions was Hoover Camp, now Hoover Park, a pleasant recreational and picnic spot of 40 acres a short distance from the plant, and now used by employees and other groups for outings.

Nineteen-twenty-two saw the end of the name "The Hoover Suction Sweeper Company," which had followed the original "Electric Suction Sweeper Company" and the birth of "The Hoover

Company," under which name business is carried on today.

H. W. Hoover, vice president and general manager of the company since its beginning, became president in 1922, and W. H. Hoover, his father, chairman of the board. The elder Mr. Hoover died in 1932 and his passing was mourned by thousands of friends all over the world. A Part in World War II Virtually all normal production had to be abandoned and the factory converted quickly to military work with the entry of the United States into World War II.

Plastic molding presses were switched to making helmet liners and fuse parts. Sewing machines and other equipment, which had made dust bags for cleaners, turned out parachutes for fragmentation bombs. The motor line was converted to making propellor pitch control motors, turret motors and amplidynes for bombers.

But the company's outstanding accomplishment was the production of components for the V.T. (variable time) or proximity fuse, rated as extremely important in winning the war. This fuse was made to explode a projectile when
Page 7:

it was about 70 feet from the target, eliminating the necessity for direct hits. The company and its employees won every possible award-19 in all-for their wartime performance. Among these were the Army-Navy E, presented five times, and the Navy Bureau of Ordnance Production E. The latter was accompanied by a pennant with three stars, one of only nine such awards made

Postwar Progress

With the coming of peace in 1945, Hoover quickly reconverted to building vacuum cleaners and began to expand. Manufacture of fractional horsepower motors for industry was initiated with the purchase of the Kingston-Conley Company at Plainfield, N. J. Along with a new plant built in Cambridge, Ohio, the New Jersey operation became known as the Electric Motor Division of The Hoover Company.

The two plants were sold in 1955.

Motors for a variety of industrial uses and agriculture continue to be manufactured by the company's British subsidiary and are marketed all over the world. Motors for vacuum cleaners and other appliances manufactured in the U.S. are made at North Canton.

Early in 1948, Hoover began the manufacture of electric irons at a plant in Cambridge, Ohio. These operations were discontinued in 1959 and the facilities transferred to North Canton.

In December 1948, H. W. Hoover, then in ill health, relinquished the strenuous duties of president of the company, continuing as board chairman. He was succeeded as president by his brother, Frank G. Hoover, who had been vice president for many years.

F. G. Hoover served as president until 1951, when he was succeeded by J. F. Hattersley, who had been an executive in the engineering division and then executive vice president.

Following Mr. Hattersley's retirement at the end of 1953, H. W. Hoover, Jr., eldest son of H. W. Hoover, was elected president. H. W. Hoover was made honorary chairman of the board and was succeeded as board chairman by H. Earl Hoover in the spring of 1954.

In September 1954, H. W. Hoover died, and on December 3 his brother Frank also passed away.

(1) Typical of modern parts moving system throughout the plant is this complex conveyor arrangement in enameling section where raw parts are loaded to go through automatic spraying process. (2) Production models of every Hoover product are continually tested under conditions far more demanding than encountered in day-to-day use. Floor polishers are undergoing performance trials in engineering testing lab here. (3) Upright cleaners begin with simple casting at one end of this moving conveyor line and come out a finished product at the other every 29 minutes.
Page 8:

(1) Power Drive: Development of self-propelled cleaner was a tremendous advance in cleaning when it was introduced in 1969.

(2) Spin-drying washers are produced on this assembly line, supplied with outer shells by 3,000-foot overhead conveyor. Broad range of manufacturing techniques used is typified by light press operation (3) for component used in hair dryer assembly to 250- ton press (4) for metal-forming parts for cleaners.

Progress and Diversification at Home

Development of new products is a continuing process at Hoover. The introduction in 1959 of an electric floor washer-dryer, the first of its kind, was a step forward in the floor care field.

The following year a shampoo-polisher was introduced and in 1961, the Lark, a lightweight cleaner of the type that has since found widespread popularity. Floor wax and shampoo for use with Hoover appliances were marketed for the first time in 1961, and facilities installed for manufacturing and bottling a complete line of chemicals of this type.

A remarkable new floor care appliance, the Floor-a-Matic, was introduced in 1967. It not only permits the power scrubbing of floors, but will vacuum up scrub water. It can also be used to shampoo carpets and rugs, damp-mop, apply wax, polish and buff.

There have been many other distinct product innovations. A completely new type of canister cleaner, the Portable or "suitcase" model was developed, and following that, an upright cleaner of revolutionary design, called the Dial-A-Matic. It achieved radical changes in both appearance and operation of the

both appearance and operation of the upright cleaner, the greatest in 30 years.

An even more dramatic development was the version of the Dial-A-Matic produced in 1969, featuring Power Drive. This self-propelled cleaner operates almost like the automatic shift on an automobile, with forward and reverse speeds controlled by pressure on the handle.

During the summer of 1963, Hoover began to market its spin-drying washer in this country. The first ones were imported from the company's manufacturing complex in Wales, but facilities for making the machine at North Canton were completed and put into operation in 1964. Introduction of a variety of small electrical appliances began during this period also.

Two automatic washers and both gas and electric models of dryers were put on the market in 1967, and a compact model of dryer to match the spin-drying washing machine in the fall of 1970.

There were notable additions to products being manufactured by Hoover subsidiaries abroad also. An outstanding development, mentioned previously, was the entry of Hoover Limited into the gas appliance field in 1966. But the
Page 9:

company overseas also markets such major appliances as dishwashers, electric ranges, refrigerators, freezers, and most recently, a line of commercial-type refrigerators.

Manufacture of new products, as well as substantial increases in production of floor care appliances, has required a corresponding expansion of manufacturing facilities at home. Additions and improvements at North Canton in 1955 and again in 1964 increased manufacturing area by 27 per cent.

Later, as part of a multi-million-dollar building program, a 1 56,800-square-foot factory building was completed in 1968 and a 200,000-square-foot warehouse for finished products. A handsome new four-story office building, housing a major part of the general offices, was completed in September 1970. It has provisions for the future addition of a ten-story tower.

Growth in Worldwide Operations

In the mid-fifties plants were opened at Meadowbank, Australia; Helsinki, Finland and Le Havre, France. Sales operations expanded elsewhere on the Continent and a new company was organized in Norway to sell Hoover products.

One of the outstanding developments of this period was the phenomenal success of the washing machines being made at a plant in South Wales that had been opened in 1948. It soon established Hoover among the largest manufacturers of washing machines in Europe.

Hoover (America Latina) S.A., which has headquarters offices in Miami, Fla., was formed to develop sales in Latin America. A factory building, purchased on the outskirts of Mexico City, was modernized and opened in 1956. Hoover Brasileria, S.A. - Industria e Comercio, a manufacturing subsidiary in Sao Paulo, Brazil, puts its first washing machine on the South American market in 1960.

The following year, a manufacturing subsidiary was started in Bogota, Colombia.

Overseas, Hoover organized a Swiss company in 1958 to further sales in the Common Market countries. As part of this program, manufacturing facilities were established in Dijon, France, where a large, modern factory began operations in 1965.



(1) French tricolor and American flag-the latter in honor of visitor from U.S. -fly at Hoover plant in Dijon. (2) Interior view of 200,000-square-foot warehouse at North Canton, one of 18 in the country serving all major markets. (3) Beauty aid: Salon-type hair dryers, one of several made, take form on this line. (4) Building the remarkable Floor-A-Matic which shampoos carpeting, power scrubs floors, then vacuums up water, waxes and polishes.
Page 10:

(1) The long road of product development is marked by intensive design and engineering studies like these being made on hand-sized vacuum cleaner. (2) Variables under which irons will operate are programmed into engineering studies to make certain products operate efficiently. (3) Life testing fry pan heating elements in the laboratory, typical of continual testing program for all products.

A factory to supply the South African market was built in 1963 at Johannesburg. This was succeeded by a new plant built at East London, which was completed in the spring of 1970. Supplementing operations at the main factory in Hamilton in Canada, a new plant for the production of the popular spin-drying washer was completed in November 1966 on part of an 85-acre site being developed at Burlington. Additions to this in 1969 more than doubled its size, and it will some day probably encompass Hoover's entire Canadian operations.

New administrative quarters were completed in 1967 at the Perival factory, headquarters for Hoover Limited in England, enabling all aspects of administrative work to be concentrated there. Perivale is also the focal point for all floorcare production in Britain, as well as extensive engineering and design work. Research is carried on in every aspect of domestic appliance manufacture and there is constant testing and refinement of products, supplementing and abetting that done at North Canton.

The factory at Merthyr Tydfil in Wales, mentioned above, is the production center in Britain for washing machines.

both automatic and spin-drying types, and, more recently, gas-fired home heaters. It has been expanded regularly until now the complex is the biggest factory of its kind in Britain. Another major addition is presently under way which will increase its size by another 250,000 square feet.

The huge factory at Cambuslang, Scotland is also currently undergoing one of its periodic expansions. It was established in 1946 and has been the center of fractional horsepower motor production overseas. In addition, intricate timers, switches and heating elements for washing machines, fan heaters, electric kettles, toasters, hair dryers and a variety of steam, spray and dry irons are also made there.

An entirely new concept of marketing, put into effect in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world in the early '60s also deserves mention since it represented a major change in the company's sales program. Originated in the United States about 1954, the system, in brief, transfers the point of sale from the customer's door to the dealer's showroom. The change was due in part to continuing diversification of the product line into washing
Page 11:

machines, irons, blenders, hair dryers and other small appliances that do not lend themselves to home solicitation; in part to changing times in the social and economic life of consumers everywhere. The result has been an upward trend in sales and share of the market for the company.

Hoover Worldwide Corporation

To meet the responsibilities of an international organization, Hoover Worldwide Corporation was formed in 1960 to furnish management advisory services to subsidiaries throughout the world.

Offices are maintained at 660 Madison Ave. in New York City and at Hayes Gate House, London. Principal headquarters are in North Canton, providing close liaison with main engineering facilities, product planning and development, data processing equipment and other functions.

Based on its consolidated worldwide sales, Hoover stands about midway among the 500 largest U. S. corporations. The company is headed by Felix N. Mansager, a man of over 40 years' experience in various sales and administrative positions.

He was elected president and chairman of the board in the fall of 1966. He is also president and chairman of Hoover Worldwide Corporation, serving like a number of other key executives, in both their national companies and in Hoover Worldwide.

(1) Perivale plant, near London, is administrative headquarters for United Kingdom operations and focal point for floor care production, research and design work in Britain. (2) Complex at Cambuslang, Scotland is center for small motor production as well as intricate timers, switches, fan heaters, hair dryers, irons and a variety of other appliances.


Here are the 25 most recent documents added to the library...
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 Philco Automagic Washer Brochures
Here are some beautiful brochures for the 1960 line of Philco Automagic Washers. Illustrations and Specifications included.

Models shown: W-208, W-206, W-204, W-202 and W-200.

Please note the originals had some minor water damage on them so there are some water spots or slightly blurry spots. However these are still very readable and super fun to look at.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Philco
1960 14 22mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1959 Philco Duomatic Combination Washer-Dryer Brochure
Here is a wonderful brochure for the Philco's first 27" combination washer/dryer. Illustrations and Specs included for model: CE-794.


Combination Washer/Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1959 4 39mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 Philco Automagic Dryer Brochures
Here are some beautiful brochures for the 1960 line of Philco Automagic Dryers. Illustrations and Specifications included.

Models shown: DE-608, DE-606, DE-604, DE-602 and DE-600.

Please note the originals had some minor water damage on them so there are some water spots or slightly blurry spots. However these are still very readable and super fun to look at.
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Philco
1960 10 15mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Early Frigidaire Refrigerator Service Manual Vol-1 1925 to 1936
This is a three volume comprehensive service manual for Frigidaire Refrigerators from the 1920's thru 1951. The set is a fascinating historical look at early Frigidaire home refrigeration.

Volume 1 Covers:
Refrigerators prior to 1933 (Low Side Float System),

1933 to 1936 Reciprocating Models (High Side Float System),

1933 to 1936 Rotary Models (Restrictor System)

Manual contains mechanical and refrigeration theory and primer, model images and specifications, wiring diagrams, troubleshooting and full servicing information.

VOLUME 2 is located here for the 1937-1942.
VOLUME 3 is located here for the post-war models.

Models mentioned in Volume 1:
P-4, AP-5, AP-6, AP-7-1, AP-7-2, AP-9, AP-12, AP-18, B-5, B-5-2, B-9, B-15, D-4, D-5, D-6, D-7-2, D-9, D-12, L-5, LP-5, M-5, M-5-2, M-7, M-9, M-12, M-15, MP-5, MP-7, MP-9, MP-12, MP-15, P-9, P-15, PT-5, T-5, TP-5, V-5, EE-5, VP-5, I, G-3, G-4, GR-4, G-5, G-6, MC-9, MC-12, W-3, W-4, W-5, W-6, W-8, W-10, W-12, W-18, WP-7, WP-8, WP-10, WP-13, WA-3, WPA-3, AHM-3330, AHM-4830, AHM-4840, AHM-5340, AHM-5750, ML-37, ML-48, ML-64, ML-4837, ML-4848, ML-5764, ML-4, ML-5, ML-6, ML-4840, ML-4850, ML-5760, S-4, S-5, S-6, WP-4, WP-5, WP-6, WP-18, SD-4, SD-6, S-4840, S-4850, S-5760, SL-43, SL-63, SL-73.
Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1951 184 177mb $8.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Early Frigidaire Refrigerator Service Manual Vol-2 1937 to 1942
This is a three volume comprehensive service manual for Frigidaire Refrigerators from the 1920's thru 1951. The set is a fascinating historical look at early Frigidaire home refrigeration.

Volume 2 Covers:
Rotary Compressor Analysis
Miscellanous and Supplimentary Information
Full descriptions of 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941 and 1942 model refrigerators.

Manual contains mechanical and refrigeration theory and primer, model images and specifications, wiring diagrams, troubleshooting and full servicing information.

VOLUME 1 is located here for the earliest models.
VOLUME 3 is located here for the post-war models.

Models mentioned in Volume 2:
1937 Refrigerators:
Dulux Finished Cabinets
D 3-37 Master 4-37
DRS 5-37 Master 5-37
DRS 6-37 Master 6-37
DRS 7-37 Master 7-37
Master 8-37
Porcelain Finished Cabinets
DeLuxe 5-37 DeLuxe 8-37
DeLuxe 6-37 Imperial '37
DeLuxe 7-37

1938 Refrigerators:
Dulux Finished Refrigerators
D3
TD3
Special S-38
Special 6-38
Special 7-38
Master 4-38
Master S-38
Master 6-38
Master 7-38
Master 8-38
Porcelain Finished Refrigerators
DeLuxe S-38 Imperial
DeLuxe 6-38
DeLuxe 7-38 WP-19
DeLuxe 8-38

1939 Refrigerators:
DA Model Refrigerators:
TDA-3
DA-3
DA-4
Super Value 6-39.
Special Model Refrigerators:
Special 5-39
Special 6-39
Master Model Refrigerators :
Master 4-39
Master 5-39
Master 6-39
Master 8-39
Cold-Wall Model Refrigerators:
Cold-Wall 6-39
(Dulux Exterior)
Cold-Wall8-39
(Dulux Exterior)
Cold-Wall5-39
(Porcelain Exterior}
Cold-Wall 6-39
(Porcelain Exterior)
Cold-Wall8-39
(Porcelain Exterior)
Cold-Wall Imperial and WP-19.

1940 Refrigerators:
Table Top Model:
TDB-3
Super Value Refrigerators:
sv 3
SV4
sv 6-40
sv 8-40
Master Refrigerators:
M 5-40
M 6-40
DeLuxe Refrigerators:
D 5-40
D 6-40
Cold-Wall Master Refrigerators:
CWM 5-40
CWM 6-40
Cold-Wall DeLuxe Refrigerators:
CWD 6-40
CWD 8-40
Cold-Wall Imperial Refrigerators:
CWI 6-40
CWI 8-40
CWI 13
WP-19

1941 Refrigerators:
1941 "S" and "R" Model Refrigerators:
(See Table I-VI.)
S 3 (Flat top only) See 1940 TDB-3
S 4
S 6-41
R 6-41
1941 "M" and "L" Model Refrigerators:
(See Table 2-VI)
M 6-41
MP 6-41
L 6-41
L 8-41
1941 Cold-Wall Model Refrigerators:
(See Table 3-VI)
C 6-41
CP 6-41 c 9-41
CD 6-41
CPD 6-41
CPD 9-41
CPD 13-41
WP 19

1942 Refrigerators
AH 6
S 7-42
M7-42
M P7-42
D 7-42
DP 7-42
D 9-42
CD 7-42
CPD 7-42
CPD 9-42
CPD 13
WP 19

Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1951 177 182mb $8.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Early Frigidaire Refrigerator Service Manual Vol-3 1945 to 1951
This is a three volume comprehensive service manual for Frigidaire Refrigerators from the 1920's thru 1951. The set is a fascinating historical look at early Frigidaire home refrigeration.

Volume 3 Covers:
Full descriptions of 1945-47 I-Line Refrigerators, 1947-1948 J-Line Refrigerators, 1949 K-Line Refrigerators, 1950 M-Line Refrigerators and 1951 O-Line Refrigerators.

This volume is meant to be used with VOLUME 2 which covers more in-depth theory and servicing of rotary compressor models.

VOLUME 1 is located here for the earliest models.

Manual model images and specifications, wiring diagrams, troubleshooting and full servicing information.

Models mentioned:
1945-1946-1947 Refrigerators:
AHI-4
DI-7
CDI-9
AHI-6
DPI-7
CPDI-7
SI-7
DI-9
CPDI-9
MI-7
CDI-7

1948 Refrigerators:
AJ-6
SJ-6
MJ-6
MJ-7
MJ-9
MJ-11
DJ-7
DJ-9
DJ-11
CIJ-10

1949 Refrigerators:
ML-77
ML-93
DL-70
AL-60
ML-60
ML-77P
ML-93P
ML-115
DL-7
DL-86
DL-86P
DL-105
IL-80
IL-100


1950 Refrigerators:
AM-43,
AM-43F
DM-90
DM-90P
DM-107
DM-107P
MM-92
MM-110
AM-60
MM-74
MM-74P
MM-76
MM-76P
SM-60
SM-76
SM-76P
IM-80
IM-100
1M-lOOP

1951 Refrigerators:
AO-43 Apartment House, 4.3 cu. ft.
AO-43F Apartment House, 4.3 cu. ft., Flat Top
AO-60 Apartment House, 6 cu. ft.
SO-60 Standard, 6 cu. ft.
SO-73 Standard, 7.3 cu. ft.
SO-82 Standard, 8.2 cu. ft.
SO-92 Standard, 9.2 cu. ft.
SO-110 Standard, 11 cu. ft.
MO-71 Master, 7.1 cu. ft.
MO-81 Master, 8.1 cu. ft.
MO-81P Master, 8.1 cu. ft. Porcelain
DO-90 Deluxe, 9 cu. ft.
DO-90P Deluxe, 9 cu. ft. Porcelain
DO-107 Deluxe, 10.7 cu. ft.
IO-80 Imperial, 8 cu. ft.
IO-100 Imperial, 10 cu. ft.
Refrigerators/Freezers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1951 177 182mb $8.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1948 Westinghouse Laundromat Automatic Washer Owners Manual
Here is the complete owners manual and use and care guide to the 1948 Westinghouse Laundromat. I believe this was the first Westinghouse front-loading washer model to incorporate a single door design.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Westinghouse
1948 40 21mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Frigidaire Imperial Washer Owners Manual
Here is a special edition of the 1956 Frigidaire washer owners manual. It was made specifically for the Imperial Unimatic model, WI-56.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1956 24 14mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1953 General Electric Washer and Dryer owners manual
Carefree Washdays the GE Way! Complete owners manual and use/care guide to both the 1953 General Electric automatic washer and clothes dryer.


Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
General Electric
1953 68 30mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Frigidaire Tech-Talk Introducing the WO-65 Automatic Washer
Here is one of the earliest issues of Tech-Talk (#7). It's main focus is the introduction of the WO-65 Frigidaire Automatic Washer.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1950 12 13mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1955 Frigidaire Dryer Tech-Talk Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to the 1955 models of Frigidaire clothes dryers. Models DV-35 and DV-65.

Complete servicing, troubleshooting and wiring diagrams.
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1955 16 14mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1957 Control-Tower Frigidaire Dryer Tech-Talk Service Manual
Here is the complete service manual to the 1957 models of Frigidaire clothes dryers. Models DI-57, DD-57 and DS-57, Di-1-57.

Complete servicing, troubleshooting and wiring diagrams.
Clothes Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1957 24 22mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Westinghouse Service Bulletin
Here are some very notable Westinghouse Service Bulletins displaying new Agitator information, model features charts, cycle charts and specifications for Westinghouse Automatic Washers.

Also included is a 1967 Dishwasher Utility bulletin entitled "You and Your New Dishwasher" - Helpful hints to get the best results.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Westinghouse
1969 23 20mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960s Hotpoint Washer-Dryer-Dishwasher Identifier
Here are models and images of the following Hotpoint Washers, Dryers and Dishwashers:

Automatic Washers: 1960 to 1963
Dryers: 1960 to 1963
Dishwashers: various 1958 to 1965 models
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Hotpoint
1960 31 16mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1962 Dexter Quick-Twin and Standard Wringer Washers Brochures
Whimsical brochures by Dexter highlight features and specifications of their Philco-made wringer washers.

Models include:
3-D9, 3-D9P, 3-D7, 3-D7P, 3-D5, 3-D5P, 3-D3, 3-D3P, 3-D2, 3-D2P, 3-D1, 3-D1P, 1-DO, 1-DOP, 3-D4
Wringer Washers
Published by:
Dexter
1962 16 39mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Blackstone Automatic Washers 250-350 Service Manual
Complete service manual to Blackstone washers from 1954 to 1958. Models 250 and 350.


Automatic Washers
Published by:
Blackstone
1957 52 39mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1960 Blackstone Automatic Washer Service Manual
Service manual to Blackstone Automatic washers models: WAA50, WAA60, WAC45, WAC55, WAC65 and WAC75.

Service manual claims this particular transmission design spins the tub at 680rpm which is one the better water extracting washers of the time.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Blackstone
1960 23 17mb $5.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Appliance Manufacturer Magazine - July 1957
Appliance Manufacturer is a fun magazine to read for any collector or enthusiast of vintage appliances, electronics and other vintage home products. This highly entertaining magazine covered the design and manufacturing areas of Major Appliances, Small Appliances, Small Electrics, Radios, Televisions and other electric home products from the mid-20th century.

Of particular interest:

Very cool article on GM Frigidaire appliance designers and how they work together in an atmosphere of creativeness.

Maytag introduces their Halo-of-Heat dryer.

GE Kitchen Center wins awards for GE designers and engineers.

Surprising number of new appliances at Chicago Summer Market show.
Trade Publications
Published by:
Appliance Manufacturer
1957 106 140mb $12.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1977 Hotpoint Appliances Catalog
Here is a complete product catalog from Hotpoint showing their complete line of major appliances.

Photos, descriptions and detailed specifications are included.
Full Catalog
Published by:
Hotpoint
1977 52 83mb $9.96
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Philco Agitator Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all Philco agitator washers, pre-Automagic models.

Models include: W266, W264, W262, W268.

Sections include: Installation, Specifications, Major Assemblies, Service Procedures, Wiring Diagrams, Troubleshooting, Supplement model information.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Philco
1956 41 24mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1956 Bendix Front Loading Automatic Washer Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to all 1956 Bendix automatic washers.

Models include: WFG-D.

Sections include: Cabinet, Clothes Door, Electrical Circuits and Cycles, Electrical Controls, Installation, Latch, Motor, Pump, Transmission, Specifications, Suspended Unit Assembly, Service Procedures, Water Inlet, Water Control.
Automatic Washers
Published by:
Bendix
1956 41 29mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1957 General Electric Dishwasher Service Manual
Complete service manual to 1957 General Electric built-in roll-out dishwashers.

Models include: SU80P and SU60P.

Sections include: Introduction, General Information, Specifications, Washing Process, Food Soils, Stain Removal, Service Quality of Dinnerware, Operations, Capacity, Detergent, Running the Dishwasher, Operating Cycle, Component Parts, Wiring Diagrams, Installation, Servicing, Troubleshooting and Parts.
Dishwashers
Published by:
General Electric
1957 79 64mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1973 Waste King Dishwasher Service Manual
Here is the comprehensive service manual to servicing most of the 1970's Waste King dishwashers. Updates through 1977 are included in this manual.

Models include: 410, 511,510, 575, 610, 711, 710, 777, 750, 878, 810, 811, 910, 911, 950, 979

Sections include full troubleshooting, repair, how to test and wiring diagrams.
Dishwashers
Published by:
Waste King
1973 63 47mb $7.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download Electrical Dealer Magazine - January 1955
Electrical Dealer Magazine is a fun magazine to read for any collector or enthusiast of vintage appliances, electronics and other vintage home products. This highly entertaining magazine covered the retail sales and merchandising areas of Major Appliances, Small Appliances, Small Electrics, Radios, Televisions and other electric home products from the mid-20th century. This was the Life and Look Magazine of the appliance world, in the same large size 10x13 format.

Highlights of this issue, including Norge, Whirlpool, Speed Queen and Hamilton Laundry ads...

Sales And Profit Outlook For '55
1955 Selling Schedule
Trade-Ins
Personalized Selling
Is Discount Selling Losing Its Punch?
What The Public Thinks About Discounting
The Winner: The Man Who Stays In Business
Mathematics Of Price Cutting
Margins, Franchises, and Fair Trade
"Sales Will Rise For Those Who Work"
Captive Election Audience Sees New Line
Complete Food Plan Training Pays Off
Check And Counter Check
They Call It 8 to 5
His Automatic Washers Speak
Contact Plan Produces TV Sales Daily
Selection And Color Boost White Goods Sales
Sales Clinic
News And Trends
New Products Section
News Of The Month
Trade Publications
Published by:
Electrical Dealer
1955 112 106mb $12.99
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Thumbnail Image of Download 1970 Frigidaire Skinny-Mini Washer Dryer Service Manual
In 1970 Frigidaire introduced the world's very first all-in-one stacked washer/dryer unit. It was called the Skinny-mini and used a one piece plastic molded agitator and tub combination referred to as an "agi-tub".

Here is the Tech-Talk service manual to the very first of these models.

Models include: LCT-2 and LCT8-2.
Automatic Washers & Dryers
Published by:
Frigidaire
1970 99 75mb $7.99

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